ICT is an acronym that stands for Information Communications Technology ICT is the technology required for information processing, in particular, the use of electronic computers, communication devices and software applications to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information from anywhere, anytime.
INFORMATION Information refers to the knowledge obtained from reading, investigation, study or research. The tools to transmit information are the telephone, television and radio. Information is knowledge and helps us to fulfill our daily tasks.
COMMUNICATION Communication is an act of transmitting messages. It is a process whereby information is exchanged between individuals using symbols, signs or verbal interactions. Communication is important in order to gain knowledge.
TECHNOLOGY Technology is the use of scientific knowledge, experience and resources to create processes products that fulfill human needs.
ICT development includes many types of infrastructure and services, ranging from telecommunications, such as voice, data, and media services, to specific applications, such as banking, education, or health, to the implementation of electronic government (e-government).
Each of these types has its own trends that vary across countries and regions. One of the most positive trends has been observed in voice communications.
3. Standardization in ICT. ICT and program of the UN of the Sustainable Development of the Millennium (SDG)
ICT standardisation is a voluntary cooperation for the development of technical specifications that outlines the agreed properties for a particular product, service, or procedure.
The Study Groups of ITU’s Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) assemble experts from around the world to develop international standards known as ITU-T Recommendations which act as defining elements in the global infrastructure of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Standards are critical to the interoperability of ICTs and whether we exchange voice, video or data messages, standards enable global communications by ensuring that countries’ ICT networks and devices are speaking the same language.