2. Если вводное предложение в прошедшем времени, то и основное меняем на прошедшее (backshift):
She said, “I like ice cream” ? She said that she liked ice cream.
My sister said, “I have just come back from the park” ? My sister told me that she had just come from the park.
Kate said “I am going to buy a new car” ? Kate said that she was going to buy a new car.
“I will be 30 next summer”, said Tom. ? Tom said that he would be 30 the following summer.
She said “This is the best summer” ? She said that that was the best summer.
My mother said “I found your book several days ago” ? My mother said that she had found my book several days before.
I called my friend and she said “I am watching TV now” ? I called my friend and she said that she was watching TV then.
Вопросительные предложения Прямые вопросы трансформируются в непрямые вопросы, используются вопросительные слова или вводные слова if/ whether.
“How old are you?” ? He asked me how old I was.
Tom asked Jane “Where do you live?” ? Tom asked Jane where she lived.
She asked “Do you know this man?” ? She asked if I knew that man.
My friend asks “Are you going with us?” ? My friend asks whether I am going with them.
Просьбы, пожелания, советы
He said “Bring me the book” ? He asked to bring him the book.
She said “Come to me tomorrow” ? She asked to come to her place the next day.
My mother said “Don’t eat the cake before dinner” ? My mother asked me not to eat the cake before dinner.