We see the map of the country. The theme of the lesson is “The Republic of Kazakhstan”
Vocabulary of the new lesson
Population –халық саны
Reading of the text. : Kazakhstan
The Republic of Kazakhstan is situated in the in the Central Asia. The area of Kazakhstan is 2753000 square kilometers. Its population is about 18 million. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and large villages. The largest cities are Almaty, Karaganda, Shimkent , Pavlodar and Astana. Astana is the capital of the Republic. Astana is situated in the central part of the country.
Kazakh is the official language of the country, but it is not the only language which people speak in the country. Russian and other languages are spoken here too.
Kazakhstan is the largest state in the Central Asia. It extends some 1900 kilometers from the Volga River in the West to the Altai Mountains in the East and about 1300 kilometers from the Siberia plain in the North to the Central Asia desert in the South. Kazakhstan borders China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgizia. There is a long border coast line on the Caspian Sea in the Southwest.
There are a few rivers and lakes in Kazakhstan. The four rivers are the main resources of water in the country. They are Irtysh, in the east, Sir-Darya in the southwest, Illi in the southeast and Ural in the northwest of the country. The largest lakes are Balhash, Zaisan, Ala-Kol and Tengis. The flora and fauna of the country are different. They depend on the climate of the area. They are richer in the south and poorer in the north.
The climate of the country is strongly continental. It is cold in winter and hot in summer. Rain usually falls in spring and autumn. Snow falls in all areas but not at the same time. In the south snow falls in October or November, in the north it falls as a rule in September or October. Sudden cold winds and snowfalls in winter often cause troubles for people. In spring green grass and flowers of different colours cover flat lands and hills.
Kazakhstan has well-developed heavy industry in many cities and towns. As the result of the development of heavy industry the country suffers serious environmental problems. Agriculture takes a very important sector in the national economy. The people of the country grow wheat, millet, corn and cotton.
As a sovereign state Kazakhstan has its own national flag and anthem and national Kazakhstan has its own national flag and anthem and national traditions and holidays. The national flag of the country consists of a light blue field at the centre of which there is yellow sun framed by the wings of a flying eagle, also in yellow, with a vertical stripe of national ornamentations near the hoist.
Exercise 1. Complete the sentences according to the text.
The Republic of Kazakhstan is situated in the Central Asia.
Its population is about 18 million.
Kazakh is the official language of the country
Kazakhstan borders China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgizia.
There is a long border coast on the Caspian Sea in ………………………..
The river Irtish is in …………………….. , Illi is in …………….. Syr –Daria is in ……………, and Ural is in …………
The flora and fauna …………….. on the climate of the area.