Let’s revise previous lesson. What was the theme of previous lesson.
II. Main part:
1.Introducing new theme. (Жаңа тақырыпты түсіндіру).
Kazakhstan is my motherland. Kazakhstan is situated in the south of the Common wealth and occupies an area 2 700 000 square kilometers. It borders with the Chinese People’s Republic in the East, with Kyrgystan, Uzbekistan, Turmenistan in the south and Russia in the north and west. The deep landlocked position of Kazakhstan determines Kazakhstan’s climate.
Sharply continental and extremely droughty climate. Large rivers run to the Republic’s territory. These are the Irtish, Ural, Syrdarya, Ishim, Tobol, Ili and Chu. The republic’s fauna and flora are very rich.
The main branches of industry of republic are coal-mining, metallurgical, machine-building and chemical. Grain-farming and cattle-breeding are the main branches of agriculture. Kazakhstan is a great scientific and cultural centre. Kazakhstan intends to strengthen relations with all highly developed industrialized countries. Kazakhstan is a multinational state. Over 100 nationalities inhabiting Kazakhstan pursue the principles of peaceful coexistence and cooperation and show an example of good neighborhood and harmony in living with different nations. On the first of December 1991 the first President in the history of Kazakhstan was unanimously elected.
N.A. Nazarbayev became the president of the Republic of Kazakhstan. On the 16th of December 1991 the Supreme Soviet declare the State conducting its own home and foreign policy. The Government is divided into three branches Legislative (the Parliament), executive (the President and Prime Minister) and Judical (the Supreme court, the Constitutional Court and the Highest Arbitration Court). The Parlament consists of two chambers: the Senate (upper chamber) and the Mazhilis (the Lower chamber). In August 1995 the new Constution was adopted. From November 15 1993 Kazakhstan has its own national currency. In October 1991 the first Kazakh spaceman, Hero of the Soviet Union Tohtar Aubakirov made his flight.