Методическое пособие по совершенствованию навыков чтения и говорения на английском языке для студентов фксиС и фитиУ

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түріМетодическое пособие
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английский для ИТ 1

Speaking. Discuss the following questions.

  1. How old is the word “computer”?

  2. What is a computer?

  3. What can be called “computer input”?

  4. What input devices can you name?

  5. Why do we need software?

  6. What is the purpose of the CPU?

  7. How do memory and storage differ?

  8. What computer output can we get?

  9. What’s so significant about a computer’s ability to store instructions?

  10. What does a stored program mean?

Text B

Pre-reading. Match the terms with the appropriate definitions.

a desktop computer

a) this computer is especially suited for storing and distributing data on a network; these machines do not include features such as sound cards, DVD players, and other fun accessories; they don’t require specific hardware and just about any computer can be configured to perform such work;

a notebook

b) these are powerful desktop computers designed for specialized tasks; they can tackle tasks that require a lot of processing speed, most have circuitry specially designed for creating and displaying three-dimensional and animated graphics and often dedicated to design tasks;

a tablet computer

c) it’s a large and expensive computer capable of simultaneously processing data for hundreds or thousands of users; used by businesses or governments to provide centralized storage, processing and management for large amount of data in situations where reliability, data security and centralized control are necessary;

a handheld computer

d) it fits on a desk and runs on power from an electrical wall outlet; its keyboard is typically a separate component, connected to the main unit by a cable;

a workstation

e) it’s a portable computing device featuring a touch-sensitive screen that can be used as a writing or drawing pad;

a mainframe computer

f) it’s one of the fastest computers in the world; can tackle complex tasks such as breaking codes, modeling worldwide weather systems and simulating nuclear explosions;

a supercomputer

g) it features a small keyboard or touch-sensitive screen and is designed to fit into a pocket, run on batteries and be used while you are holding it; also called a PDA (personal digital assistant), it can be used as an electronic appointment book, address book, calculator and notepad;

a server

h) it’s a small lightweight personal computer that incorporates screen, keyboard, storage and processing components into a single portable unit, also referred to as a “laptop”.

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