Shakarim’s poetics. This research work is devoted to the poetics of the creative activity of Shakarim Kudaiberdiev. Shakarim is a prominent representative of Abai Kunanbaev’s poetic school: He was able to raise Kazakh creative poetry to a higher level.
The actuality of the research lies in the fact that it shows the peculiarities, unique traits and individuality of Shakarim’s poetry. The beauty of words , the depth of soul emotions and philosophic perception of the world are synthesized in his verses and poems. Any contemporary reader can find answers to many painful social questions in the poet’s spiritual and creative heritage. The poet’s aspiration for “human’s improvement” , for the truth and justice makes his heritage especially actual for the modern Kazakh society. The classical meaning of his verses and poems testifies to this effect. Shakarim is not only a poet. He is a philosopher and historian of the Kazakh ethnos. Most of his works reveal the versatility and diversity of his creative activity. Here is the peculiarity and complexity of Shakarim’s poetry, the actuality of scientific analysis and interpretation of the poet’s creative ideas and projects.
The scientific novelty of the given research is based on the fact that it is the first attempt to give a complex scientific analysis of Shakarim’s poetic peculiarities in Kazakh literature. Shakarim’s poetry is distinguished by the versatility of genre, style, forms and compositions. Hundreds of new words and phrases are created, which made the Kazakh poetry richer. His poetry demonstrates that deep psychologism of his verses harmonizes with socially important problems. Glorifying the world Shakarim brings to the forefront the philosophical categories of moral ideas of humaneness, justice and honesty. Religions problems take a unique place in the poet’s creative activity. Shakarim connects the solution of moral problems with love for God, Creator (Zharatushi). High ideal love for God is the main motive in Shakarim’s poetry.
The first chapter of the dissertation analyzes the novelty of Shakarim’s poetry. The second chapter deals with his poetical world. The third chapter discloses the role of spiritual values Shakarim’s poetry. The analysis of Shakarim’s creative activity makes up the most significant part (the core) of the research.
The second chapter of the dissertation is devoted to Shakarim’s poetical world. His verses, poems, edifications have created a new trend and distinctive style in Kazakh poetry. The research shows poetic skill, literary beauty, the depth of the poet’s creative philosophical thought. These qualities are depicted in most of his works as a unity. Shakarim’s poetic peculiarity includes the harmonious combination of the Eastern and Western schools and samples with the traditional school of Kazakh poetry.
The ideas, contents and poetic expressive means used in Shakarim’s poetry meet the requirements of Abai’s poetical school. Shakarim’s outlook, his views are the logical continuation of Abai’s poetry. At the same time Kazakh poetical art is enriched with new forms, word combinations and song patterns. The versatile beauty of Kazakh poetry is exposed in Shakarim’s creative activity in full.
The third chapter deals with the role of spiritual values in Shakarim’s poetry. The poet-thinker solves the problem of relations between the man society and God, Creator in his own way. They are depicted trough the use of new nations, new systems of thinking, terms, literary devices and figures of speech.
Solving the problem of life and death, soul and body, knowledge and morality in his own way Shakarim demonstrates the creation of a new philosophically - religious and socially-moral poetry. It is deep in meaning. There are a lot of symbols and categories, one can find the mystery of aims and intentions.
Shakarim writes a lot about the role of “love” in personal life.
Love and generosity of a righteous man, a true man are measured by his love for the Creator (Жаратушы) . It is this sincere love that proves to be the moral and spiritual force which makes both the personality and the whole society as well as the nation noble.
The theme of a man and personality is a priority theme in Shakarim’s poetry. Kindness and compassion, aspiration for activity and good knowledge, for creative actions can be cultivated in the poet’s opinion, on the basis of such categories as “honor” (ap), “intellect” (aқыл), “good will” (ақ ниет), “conscience” (ынсап), “kindness” (рақым), “contentment”(қанағат), “labor” (еңбек), “open-heartedness” (ақ жүрек). Just these traits help to form “the righteous man”, “the person of full value”. The most important problem on the planet of person socialization is solved by Shakarim through the beauty of Kazakh poetry. The poet achieves deep psychologism in the depiction of relations between the man and the nature.
Striving for God, knowledge and labor, a man becomes a bearer of morality and humaneness. Shakarim tackles profound problems of world comprehension and world perception by using different poetical forms and devices.
The concluding part sums up the results of the research work and gives conclusions on the problems under study. Distinctive features, peculiarities of Shakarim’s poetry are analyzed from the position of contemporary literature study.
The results of the dissertation can be used in the university courses of Kazakh literature and scientific investigation of poetry.