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THEMATIC GROUP OF SACRED NUMBERS IN ENGLISH AND KAZAKH LANGUAGES



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2 THEMATIC GROUP OF SACRED NUMBERS IN ENGLISH AND KAZAKH LANGUAGES

2.1 Ethnocultural meanings of the concepts of number names
Some of the regular expressions are grouped around nouns such as seven, three, nine, and forty. The reason why these words are the basis of certain chains and phrases is that they are associated with the ancient notions and customs of the people. In phraseology, these words do not have to be used in the literal sense. For example, he knows the language of the seven sciences [knows the language of the seven universes], and the forty tribes have the notion of "more" than the actual number. The fact that such numerical nouns are a source of inspiration in the phraseology of the above language, heart, etc. not typical. Because these three, seven, nine, forty words are often the secret of destroying their quantitative function. They seem to be used as a conceptual symbol of something specific. Most of them are born from the old beliefs and concepts of the people. However, over time, this notion has become abstract and moved to another area. For example, although the word "dog" is not directly related to distance, the word "dog's back" is an alternative to the concept of distance, just as the word "dog" has become a conditional indicator of time. Or the seven words "seven-headed savage" and "seven brothers" have become a common plural. Thus, these numbers, while retaining some numerical meaning, have adapted to other concepts and have two different properties. The field of consumption of the number seven is wider than other numbers.
In the ancient mythopoetic traditions, he gave a sacred meaning to the counts and gave them cosmological meanings. In human society, numbers are considered to be religious, divine, and worldly symbols, and they contain powerful mysteries and mysteries beyond human comprehension, as well as the belief that these powerful forces bring good and evil to man. Mythopoetic semantics and symbolic usage of numbers are directly related to their magical properties.
The mytholegema of nouns is preserved not only in singular numbers, but also in anthroponyms and phraseologies. T. Zhanuzakov, an outstanding scientist of onomastics, focused on singular nouns with numbers, personal names with numbers 1-10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 1000, which are often given to men. and numbers do not include female names [21].
I. Kenesbayev, a leading specialist in Kazakh phraseology, a turkologist, analyzed the phrases with numerical nouns and said that “... some of the regular expressions ... are grouped around numerical nouns. The reason why these words are the basis of certain chains and phrases is that they are associated with the ancient notions and customs of the people. ... three, seven, nine, forty words are often the secret of destroying their quantitative function. They seem to be used as a symbol of something, a phenomenon. Most of them are born from the old beliefs and concepts of the people. However, over time, this notion has become abstract and has moved to another area "[2,176].
The meaning of the concept of "one". The scientist KK Rysbayeva, who made a scientific analysis of the nature of cult phraseology in the Kazakh language, also said that some nouns are yeast. For example, starting with a number of sacred numbers, the author says that this number is combined with the words "God, God, Creator" [13,5]. It is clear, of course, that if one power is the only God who created the eighteen thousand universes, and the only one who created the whole world, humanity and life, then there is only one word - God or God. For example: the beating of one god, my wish from one god, one god knows, one god be with you !, risk to one god, etc.
One number, combined with somatisms, means the final, final. For example: one word is "the last word", one word is "silent", one word is "irrevocable (person)", one word is "completely, smooth", etc.
There are a lot of phrases in the Kazakh language, which mean that the object, the size of the thing, which is combined with one number, is close to each other. For example: a handful of "barley, wheat, millet, etc." , one kier "occasionally wears one", one bunch "1. one compression; 2. very short », one lump« small, only small », one slice« only cut », one piece« half-piece », one chew« snack », one pinch« a little, small », etc.
There are a lot of phrases in the Kazakh language, which mean that the object, the size of the thing, which is combined with one number, is close to each other. For example: a handful of "barley, wheat, millet, etc." , one kier "occasionally wears one", one bunch "1. one compression; 2. very short », one lump« small, only small », one slice« only cut », one piece« half-piece », one chew« snack », one pinch« a little, small », etc.
Although most of these phrases are used in the sense of "small, small", they can not form a synonym. For example: There are no clouds in the sky (A. Tokmaganbetov); He took a sheet of paper from the font stuck to the front of his cap (A. Abishev). Although the size phrases in the two examples are used in the sense of "small, small", their pragmatic function is different. The combinability of numbered phrases is very limited.
The meaning of the concept of "two". You need to look for a system of numbers in the global image. Language is the relationship of the world. Linguistic thinking is based on world relations. In GV Kolshansky's work on the recognition of the global image through language, language is not a special tool of cognition, nor of numbers. He argues that language cannot know the world, so it cannot create an image of the universe. However, the scientist said that the language reflects the image of various actions of all human cognitive creativity, as a result of which it is attached to the language: The laws of the world are reflected and recognized only in the conceptual system of man. That is why the foreign language, the symbolic form does not form an independent state "[22].
The special use of numbers dates back to the ancient tradition of linguistics. The tradition of ancient linguistics appears alongside ancient Greek mythology. Ancient thinkers studied the nature of language and the symbols of writing. The development of these two areas had an impact on the formation and development of linguistics, the development of the whole ancient culture. Ancient linguistics emerged in the process of considering the relationship between "matter", "word", "thought" in relation to the main philosophical problem of the ancient Greek worldview.
Areal analysis of the works of researchers of mythology of the peoples of the world shows that most of the phrases that come with two tokens have opposite meanings. Having such a meaning is the effect of the two, the symbolic classification. According to ancient mythology, in Indian culture there are two birds perched on a tree: “Two birds, tied, encircle one or the same tree. One of them is sweet fruit, the other is looking, not touching the fruit ».
In the myth of the two brothers Temayaouite and Mukate in the Kakuilwa tribe of Southern California, the former forms a white earth associated with white, makes different things out of white soil, the second makes black earth, makes different things out of black soil. In dualistic Tibetan myth, a white egg gives birth to a father who lives in good light, and a black egg gives birth to a father who lives in darkness. Such legends are also found in the culture of the Kazakh people. For example, Kozy and Kodar, Tolegen and Bekezhan in lyric-epic songs.
As mentioned above, the two lexemes often had a symbolic meaning of twins and pairs. A. Zolotoreva points to the dualistic notion of the cult of twins in ancient Rome as evidence for the hypothesis of twins "[23] In ancient Rome, the twins worshiped Romula and Rema, that is, there were two kings. Therefore, each position had two positions. Bilateral rule in the country has reached a new era. Rome had two consuls and two tribunes (officials in ancient Rome). Dualism is one of the main indicators of Kazakh and Turkic mythology in general.
The names of the two numbers, which originate from the old beliefs, also appear in fairy tales. For example, in the fairy tale "Er Tostik", when Tostik went underground, two black snakes, two gray snakes and two giant snakes were found in Bapy Khan's horde. Also, in the fairy tale "Black Duck", Karayurek and his brother were separated for two days and two nights, and finally Karayurek threw his brother into the sky and died without falling to the ground.
The two numbers in Indo-European languages ​​mean "any opposition, black and white, woman and man" (Makovsky, 1995: 110). There are two worlds preserved in the modern language: this world is science. o world - forever; two eternities: the moon and the sun, and so on. concepts can also be an example of the laws of contradiction.
The two numbers in Indo-European languages ​​mean "any opposition, black and white, woman and man" (Makovsky, 1995: 110). There are two worlds preserved in the modern language: this world is science. o world - forever; two eternities: the moon and the sun, and so on. concepts can also be an example of the laws of contradiction.
I.G. Dobrodomov, a well-known turkologist, says about the word twins in the Turkic languages: , born of a close-knit family ", - says (SIGTYA, 1997: 629.). In the Kazakh phraseological fund, friend twins, enemy eight; like twin lambs; one of the two, twins, etc. phrases are saved.
Such contradictions are also found in the Kazakh language in phraseology. For example, he believed that there are two worlds in the religious sense. One is the moment of life, this is the false world, the other is the moment after death, this is the real world. For example:


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