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EXERCISES


1. Practice in using the Passive Voice. Change the following statements into their passive equivalents.



  1. Somebody cleans the room every day. The room __________ .

  2. People cancelled all fights because of fog. All ____________ .

  3. Somebody accused me of stealing money. I ____________ .

  4. People don‟t use this road much. _______ .

  5. How do people learn language? How _________ .

  6. Somebody has cleaned the room. ___________ .

  7. They have postponed the meeting. __________ . 8. I didn‟t realize that somebody was recording our conversation. I didn‟t realize that ______ .

  1. When we got to the stadium, we found that they had cancelled the game. We found that ____________ .

  1. They are building a new ring road round the city. A new ring road ________ .

2. Practice in using the Passive Voice. Change the following statements into their passive equivalents.



Example 1. They know Tokyo is a huge city.

It is known that Tokyo is a huge city.



  1. They believe doctors are always ready to help people who are ill.

  1. Everyone expects the new discovery will bring positive results.

  1. People say that New York was discovered by an Italian navigators.

  2. They say that according to Russian tradition honored guests are welcomed with bread and salt.

Example 2. They offered me a cup of tea.

I was offered a cup of tea.

A cup of tea was offered to me.


  1. They gave me a form to fill in.

  2. They granted me a visa. 3. We‟ll offer him by all means.

4. He has just told us a very amusing story.

3. Put the following sentences into the Passive Voice.



  1. 1.They often invite me to their parties. 2. People speak English in different parts of the world. 3. One uses milk for making butter. 4.

We form the Passive Voice with the help of the auxiliary verb “to be”. 5. They build a lot of new houses in this district every year.

  1. 1.They built this house in 1950. 2.Somebody locked the front door. 3.Someone broke my pen last night. 4.They punished the boy for that. 5. They finished their work in time.

  1. 1. People will forget it very soon. 2. They will translate this book next year. 3. They will tell you when to come. 4. Where will they build a new library? 5. Someone will ask about it.

4. Put the following sentences into the Passive Voice.



M o d e l: They laughed at him.

He was laughed at.

1. People speak much of him. 2. They will look after the children well. 3. People will laugh at you if say it. 4.They sent for the doctor immediately. 5. Everybody listened to her attentively. 6. They always wait for me after the lessons. 7. Nobody took notice of this little boy.

8. Everybody lost sight of the boat in the fog. 9.Why are they laughing at her? 10. I wonder whether they will listen to him. 11. Students often refer to these books. 12. Nobody has ever spoken to me in such a way. 13. If they send for you don‟t refuse to come. 14. They have not referred to that incident since then.

5. Put the given words in the Passive Voice, making necessary changes.

1. She took a long time to write the composition, but at last she wrote it. 2. Don‟t put the cup there: somebody will break it.



  1. Why weren‟t you at the birthday party? - They didn‟t invite me.

  2. We met many difficulties, but all the same we finished the work in time.

  3. We shall leave you behind if you are not quick.

  4. I spent all my money on books last month.

  5. I don‟t think we shall do all this work today: there is too much of it.

  6. It‟s a very funny thing that when I start doing this, somebody always stops me. 9. Don‟t leave these sweets on the table: somebody will eat them.

  1. The elephant broke the branch of the tree.

  2. The bees attacked the bear when it tried to take their honey.

TEST YOURSELF


1. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

The Remembrance Day and the Veteran‟s Day ____ on the 11th of November every year.


  1. celebrated d) was celebrated

  2. are celebrated e) is celebrated

  3. will be celebrated

2. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

I hope that the truth ________ very soon. a) will find out



  1. will be finding out

  2. is found out

  3. will be found out

  4. shall find out

3. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Everything ________ before you came.

  1. is done d) had been done

  2. was done e) has been done

  3. has done

4. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

People go to the tomb of the Unknown Soldier to stand in silence for a minute to honor the memory of those who _______ is wars.



  1. is killed d) are killed

  2. will be killed e) were killed

  3. was killed

5. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

The sports competitions which ___on Sunday ___by a lot of people.



  1. are held / will be held

  2. was held / will visit

  3. will held / will visit

  4. have been held / have visited

  5. will be held / will be visited

6. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

The inspector is not in the town. He ______ to another place some days ago.



  1. was sent d) will send

  2. sent c) will be sent e) sends

7. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Business letters ______usually on special forms.



  1. will be written d) is written

  2. are written e) write

  3. are being written

8. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Sometimes a lot of guests _______ to his birthday party.



  1. had invited d) are invited

  2. was invited e) is inviting

  3. were inviting

9. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Houses ________ very quickly now.

  1. builds d) are built

  2. are building e) were built

  3. built

10. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Many modern apartments ________ in Berlin since 1980.



  1. are built d) have been built

  2. are building e) has been built

  3. were built

11. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive? The room (clean) every day.



  1. Was cleaned d) Were cleaned

  2. Is cleaned e) Cleaned

  3. Was clean

12. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive?

... my suit (clean) yesterday?


  1. Is ... clean d) Was ... cleaned

  2. Are ... cleaned e) Were ... cleaning

  3. Is ... cleaned

13. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive?

This house (build) in the XVII th century.


  1. Were built d) Is built

  2. Is build e) Is building

  3. Was built

14. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive? Every year the seas (poison) on our planet.


  1. Was poisoned d) Were poisoning

  2. Is poison e) Were poisoned

  3. Are poisoned.

15. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive?

The road (not/use) by the company last year.



  1. Isn't used d) Not used

  2. Aren't used e) Shan't used

  3. Wasn't used

16. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Active or Passive? Somebody (ask) me on the phone every evening.

  1. Is asked d) Will asked

  2. Asked e) Is asking

  3. Asks

17. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Active or Passive? Who (use) my new car at the moment?

  1. Is being use d) Is being used

  2. Are being used e) Being used

  3. Is using

18. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Active or Passive? I (ask) many questions by my friends after the lesson.

  1. Will asked d) Will asking

  2. Will ask e) Will be asked

  3. Ask

19. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Active or Passive? The children (take) to the museums next week.

  1. Will taken d) Will taking

  2. Will take e) Will be taken

  3. Take

20. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Active or Passive? The man (ask) what language I was speaking.

  1. Was asked d) Was ask

  2. Asked e) Was asking

  3. Were asked

21. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Active or Passive? I think he (find) the address already.

  1. Has found D) Has been find

  2. Has been found E) Being found

  3. Has being found

22. Choose the right variant of the main verb. Nobody likes _______ for at night.

  1. be sent d) to be sent

  2. is sent e) sent

  3. was sent

23. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

The new film _____ in all the big theaters of the city.



  1. is demonstrated e) had been

  2. was being demonstrated demonstrated

  3. is being demonstrated

  4. would be demonstrated

24. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

You can‟t use this textbook now. It _______ by your friend.



  1. takes d) were taken

  2. has been taken e) had taken

  3. took

25. Choose the right variant of the main verb.

– Did the company test the equipment yesterday?

- Yes it _______ .


  1. has tested e) tested

  2. had been tested

  3. had tested

  4. was tested


UNIT X

DIRECT AND INDIRECT „REPORTED‟ SPEECH

ТӚЛ СӚЗ БЕН ТӚЛЕУ СӚЗ


Тӛл сӛзді тӛлеу сӛзге ӛзгерткенде шақтардың қиысу ережесін есте сақтау керек, яғни ӛткен шақтағы тҥрлері ғана болады.




Тӛл сӛзді тӛлеу сӛзге айналдыру жолдары




Direct Speech

Indirect “Reported” Speech

Examples

Present Simple

Past Simple

“She works hard,” he said. He said (that) she worked.

Present Continuous

Past Continuous

“She has worked hard,” he said. He said (that) she was working hard.

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

“She has worked hard,” he said. He said (that) she had worked hard.

Present

Perfect


Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

“She “She has been working hard,” he said. He said (that) she had been working hard.

Past Simple

Past Perfect

“She worked hard,” he said. He said (that) she had worked hard.

Past Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

“She was working hard,” he said.

He said (that) she had been working hard.



Past Perfect

Past Perfect (no change)

“She had worked hard,” he said. He said (that) she had worked hard.

Am/is/are going to

Was / were / going to

“She is going to work hard,” he said. He said (that) she was going to work hard.

Will

Would

“She will work hard,” he said. He said (that) she would work hard.

Can

Could

“She can work hard,” he said. He said (that) she could work hard.

Must

Had to

“She must work hard,” he said. He said (that) she had to work hard. “”

May

Might

“She may work hard,” he said. He said (that) she might work hard.

Reported questions


Сҧрақтың екі тҥрлі тіке жолы бар:



  1. Арнаулы сҧрақтар (Wh – questions) - сҧрақтар арнаулы сӛздерден немесе сӛз топтарынан басталады. Олар: what, who, which, whose, when, where, why, how many, how much, how long т.б.

  1. Жалпы сҧрақтар (Yes/No - questions): кӛмекші сҧрақтардан немесе модальды етістіктерден басталады.

Арнаулы сҧрақты тӛлеу сӛзге айналдырғанда, сҧрақ белгісі тҥсіп қалады да, сҧраулы сӛйлемнің реті хабарлы сӛйлемнің ретіне айналады.

  • She asked, “Where are you going?” She asked us where we were going.

  • Where does she live?”

He asked me where she lived.

  • Why did you apply for this job?” asked the sales manager. The sales manager asked me why I had applied for that job.

  • When will I know the results of the examination?”

Asem asked the examiner when she would know the results of the examination.

  • How does the photocopier work?”

I asked the salesman how the photocopier worked.

Жалпы сҧрақты тӛлеулі сҧраққа ауыстыру ҥшін whether, if кӛмекшілері қолданылады.



  • Are you taking much money with you to France?”

My bank manager wanted to know if (whether) I was taking much money with me to France.

  • Have you ever been to Japan, Paul?”

Tom asked Paul if (whether) he had ever been to Japan.

  • Do you live in Astana?”

I asked my new friend if (whether) she lived in Astana.

Changing Imperative sentences and

Interrogative sentence from Direct into Indirect Speech Бұйрықты сӛйлем және сұраулы сӛйлемде тӛл сӛздің тӛлеу сӛзге ӛзгеруі




Imperative sentence

Interrogative sentence

General questions

Special questions

She said to him,

Come at five o‟clock”. → She told

to him to come at five o‟clock.

I said to her, “Please, bring me a glass of

water”. → I asked her

to bring me a glass of water.

He said to me, “Don‟t go there”. → He told me not to go there.



Do you want to see the new film”? Ainur asked.

→ Ainur asked if I wanted to see the new film.



He asked me, “Why have you come so late?‟

→ He asked me why I had come so late.



► Егер тӛл сӛз бҧйрықты білдіріп, to say етістігімен келсе, тӛлеу сӛзде to tell, to order етістігіне ауысады. Егер тӛл сӛз ӛтінішті білдірсе, to say етістігі to ask етістігіне ӛзгереді.

Шақпен қиысу ережесі қолданылмайтын жағдай

Егер тӛлеу сӛз сӛзде жалпы факт, болған оқиға туралы хабар айтылса:



  1. The teacher told us (that) there are four seasons in a year.

  2. He said London is the capital of the Great Britain.

  3. The sun sets in the west” the teacher said. – The teacher said

the sun sets in the west.

► Егер алғашқы етістік осы шақ немесе келер шақта тҧрса a) The singer says, “I enjoy cycling”. The singer says that she enjoys cycling.



Тӛл сӛздің тӛлеу сӛзге айналуында сілтеу есімдіктерінің шағы мен орнының ӛзгеру ережесі.



Direct Speech

Reported Speech

Examples

yesterday

the day before, the previous day

He said, “I saw her yesterday”. He said he had seen her the day before.

today

that day, the same day

He said, “I am seeing her today”.

He said she was seeing her that day.



now, at the moment

then, at that moment

“I‟m shopping at the moment” said Asel.

Asel said she was shopping at that moment.



tomorrow

the next/following day

“I am going shopping tomorrow” said Asel.

Asel said she was going shopping the next / following day.



last week

the week before, the previous week

He said, “I saw her last week”. He said he had seen her the week before.

next week

the week after, the

following week

“I am going shopping next week” said Asel.

Asel said she was going shopping the week after, (the following



week)

this

that

He said, “I can translate this article.”

He said that he could translate that article.



these

those

She said “I like these dresses”

She said that she liked those dresses



ago

before

He said, “I saw her two days ago”.

He said he had seen her two days before.



here

there

“I usually shop here” said Asel.

Asel said she usually shopped there.




EXERCISES


1. Put the words “say” or “tell” where necessary and fill the sentences.



  1. Ann ______ goodbye to me and left.

  2. _________ us about your holiday. Did you have a nice time? 3. Don‟t just stand there! __________ something!

  1. I wonder where Sue is. She ______ he would be here at 8 o‟clock.

  2. Jack _____ me that he was fed up with his job.

  3. The doctor _______ that I should rest for at least a week.

  4. Don‟t ______ anybody what I ________ . It‟s a secret just between us.

  5. “Did she ____ you what happened?‟ “No, she didn‟t

_________ anything to me.”

  1. George couldn‟t help me. He ______ me to ask Kate. 10. George couldn‟t help me. He ______ to ask Kate.

2. Translate the following sentences into indirect speech



  1. “You can‟t park here.” The police officer told Jack ________ .

  2. “I‟ll see you in the morning, Helen” Peter told Helen _________ . 3. “I‟m taking the 5.30 train tomorrow evening.” Janet said _______ . 4. “I left my umbrella here two days ago.” Susan said that ________

  1. “I liked this hotel very much.” Diana told me _______ .

  2. “I think it‟s going to rain tonight.” William said ______ .

  3. “What time does the film start, Peter?” I asked Peter ________

.

  1. “Are you enjoying your flight?” The flight attendant asked me _____ .

  2. “Have you ever been to Japan, Paul?” Sue asked Paul _________ . 10. “How does the photocopier work?” I asked the salesman _________

  1. “When will I know the results of the examination?” Maria asked the examiner _______ .

  2. “Are you taking much money with you to France?” My bank manager wanted to know ________ .

  3. “I‟m really tired.” _______ Polly said that ____________ .

  4. “I‟ve been swimming.” Michelle said ______ . 15. “I won‟t be at the next meeting.” Robert ____________ .

3. Translate the following sentences into indirect speech What time does the text boat leave?



Can you tell me what time the next boat leaves?

  1. Where can I change some money? Can you tell me ____________ ?

  1. Where is the bank? Could you possible tell me __________ ?

  1. Where do you come? Could you tell me __________ ?

  2. How much does this pullover cost? “d like to know _________?

  3. Does this train go to the Gatwick Airport? Can you tell me _______ ?


TESTYOURSELF


1. Choose the right variant. The teacher promised _______ .



  1. that we can learn three English songs.

  2. if we learn three English songs

  3. we would learn three English songs

  4. whether we would learn three English songs

  5. who will learn three English songs.

2. Choose the right variant.

Bill: “Have you seen any interesting comedy lately, Nancy?” Bill asked Nancy ___.



  1. if he will see an interesting film

  2. if he saw an interesting comedy lately

  3. what comedy Nancy saw lately

  4. if she had seen any interesting comedy lately

  5. if she would see an interesting comedy

3. Choose the right variant.

Nick: “Did you see a bird in the tree?” Nick wonders _____ in the tree.



  1. if I saw a bird d) whether I see a bird.

  2. that I saw a bird e) if I have seen a bird

  3. if I had seen a bird

4. Choose the right variant.

Dick to Lucy: Have you received my telegram?

Dick asked if ______ .


  1. Lucy has received his telegram

  2. Lucy has received his telegram

  3. Lucy would receive his telegram

5. Choose the right variant.

Ann: Write down my address.

Ann asked me ________ .


  1. Lucy will receive his telegram

  2. Lucy received his telegram

  1. he wrote down my address

  2. to write down her address

  3. he had written her address

  4. she writes down her address

e) she wrote down his address

6. Choose the right variant.

He said, “I‟m very busy today”.

He said _______ .








  1. he had been very busy that day

  2. he is very busy today

  3. he was very busy that day

7. Choose the right variant.

  1. I‟m very busy today

  2. I had been very busy that day




Lena said, “Where have you been yesterday?” Lena asked ___________ .

  1. where she had been the day before.

  2. where she had been yesterday

  3. where she was the day before

8. Choose the right variant.

He thought: “What am I going to do?” He thought _________ .



  1. where she could be the day before

  2. where she hasn‟t been before

  1. what was he going to do

  2. what he was going to do

  3. what he is going to do

9. Choose the right variant.

Mother asked me __________ .



  1. it he was going to do

  2. what is he going to do

  1. why I have spent all the money

  2. that I had spent all the

money

  1. if I had spent all the money

10. Choose the right variant.

“Don‟t play in the street?”



  1. when I spend all the money

  2. if I will spend all the

money

  1. My mother told me don‟t play in the street

  2. My mother said to play in the street

  3. She asked me to play in the street

  4. My mother told me not to play in the street

  5. My mother said I should play in the street

11. Choose the right variant.

Ann: “Is your sister good at English?” Ann asked me _______ .



  1. that my sister is good at

English

  1. if my sister was good at

English

  1. whether my sister is good at

English

12. Choose the right variant.



  1. my sister is good at

English

  1. her sister was good at

English

Tom: “Don‟t forget to bring my book, Ann”. Tom asked Ann: _________ .

  1. that she didn‟t forget to bring his book

  2. that she doesn‟t bring his book

  1. not to forget to bring her book

  2. if she didn‟t forget to bring the book

c) not to forget to bring his book

13. Choose the right variant.

Mother: “We are going to have supper”. Mother says __________ .


  1. they are going to have supper

  2. they were going to have supper

  3. that they would have supper

14. Choose the right variant.

Jack said: “I was at home yesterday”.

Jack said _________ .


  1. they won‟t have supper

  2. they haven‟t had supper yet

  1. he was at home

  2. Jack said he was at home the day before.

  3. he will be at home

15. Choose the right variant. “Do you go for sports?”, he asked.

He asked __________ .



  1. he had been at home a week ago

  2. he had been at home the day before.

  1. he went in for sports

  2. if I went in for sports

  3. if I‟ll go in for sports

  4. I should go in for sports

e) if I had gone in for sports

16. Choose the right variant.

“Will Tom help me?” she said. She asked __________ .



  1. will Tom help her e) that Tom would be

  2. if Tom would help her helping her

  3. whether he will help her

  4. whether would he help her

17. Choose the right variant.

Peter said, “Alice, are you busy now?” Peter asked Alice __________ .



  1. she was busy d) if she wasn‟t busy

  2. if she was busy then then

  3. she would be busy e) if she is busy

18. Choose the right variant.

My sister said: “I hope we shall go on an excursion to the lake”. My sister said that ___________ on an excursion to the lake.



  1. she hopes we will go d) she hoped we were

  2. she didn‟t hope that we shall going

go e) she hoped we can go

  1. she hoped they would go

19. Choose the right variant.

Teacher: “Tom, read the story, please‟. Teacher asked Tom _________ .



  1. to read the story d) whether he reads the

  2. read the story story

  3. that he reads it e) it he read the story

20. Choose the right variant.

“Whose birthday is it?” said Jane.

Jane asked whose birthday _______ .


  1. it is d) is it

  2. it e) it had been

  3. it was



UNIT XI

NON-FINITE FORMS OF THE VERBS Жақсыз етістіктер


Жақсыз етістіктерге тҧйық етістік (Infinitive), есімше (Participle), герундий (Gerund) жатады. Олар жаққа жіктелмейді, жекеше, кӛпше тҥрге бӛлінбейді.

NON-FINITE FORMS

THE PARTICIPLE

THE INFINITIVE

THE GERUND

THE GERUND – ГЕРУНДИЙ


Герундий етістік пен зат есімнің ерекшеліктерін байланыстыратын етістіктің жіктелмеген формасы. Герундий кез-келген ағылшын етістігінің инфинитив формасына -ing жалғауы жалғау арқылы жасалады. Герундийде етістік пен зат есімнің белгілері болдаы. Оның етістік сияқты шағы, етіс категориялары бар.



Герундийдің сӛйлемдегі қызметі мен қолданылуы

Subject - Бастауыш Playing tennis is fun.



Smoking is bad for you.

Part of a compound nominal predicate Етіс болатын баяндауыш



Her greatest pleasure is travelling. Me favorite activity is swimming.

Object – Толықтауыш We enjoy playing tennis. I hate smoking.

Attribute – Анықтауыш

I had the pleasure of reading in the newspaper of your success. There are different ways of obtaining this substance.

Adverbial modifier - Пысықтауыш She walked out of the room smoking.



In writing the test the student made some mistakes.

► Етістік -ing формасында герундий (gerund) де, есімше



(participle I) де бола алады, бірақ олардың мағыналары әртҥрлі.

A waiting room ( a room for waiting) – бастауыш

A waiting train (a train that is waiting) - есімше

A sleeping pillгерундий

A sleeping child - есімше

Герундий Indefinite, Perfect шақтарында және Active, Passive етіс формаларында келеді.





Form Indefinite

Active cleaning

Passive being cleaning

Perfect

having cleaned

having been cleaned

►Егер герундий іс-әрекетті жасаушы қызметін атқаратын болса, онда герундий Active формасында қолданылады.



Ruslan likes washing his cat.

I remember having told the news.

Not knowing what to do, I went home.

►Егер герундий басқа біреудің немесе нәрсенің тарапынан іске асырылып жатса, онда герундий Passive формасында қолданылады.



The cat likes being washed by Ruslan.

I remember having been told the news.

She loves being looked at.

She is not having been invited.

Мына етістіктер, есімдіктер, сын есімдерден кейін герундий жиі толықтауыш ретінде қолданылады:





to accuse of

to approve (disapprove) of to hear of the think of to suspect of to be afraid of

to be capable (incapable) of to be proud of doing

to be found of to be disappointed

to be surprised at to be responsible for to be interested in to insist on to object to

to get used to / to be used to

to succeed in to prevent from

Зат есімдер керек ететін демеуліктерден кейін герундий анықтауыш функциясында қолданылады. Оларға мыналар жатады:





apology (for) art of pleasure of importance o f plan (for)

chance, opportunity of

possibility of habit of preparation (for) hope of astonishment of thought of method of

problem of fear of interest (in) idea of process of

reason of skill (in) intention of objection to surprise of experience (of) necessity of



I hate the idea of getting old. (Not the idea to get old.) The thought of failing the exam, makes him angry.

I have no reason for telling the lie.

We were discussing the necessity of employing more stuff.

It was her first experience of living alone.

They have given up hope of finding any more survivors. I have no objection to sitting here.

► Анықтауыш функциясында герундийдің қолданылуы: 1. On (upon), after, before, in уақытты білдіру ҥшін Before doing the exercise, read the instructions.



After reading the story he answered the questions.

  1. For причина

Excuse me for shouting at you.

  1. For мақсатты білдіру ҥшін

I need something for killing flies.

A lawn-mower is a machine for cutting grass and weeds.

Герундиймен қолданылатын етістіктер тізбегі



  • I enjoy playing tennis.

  • I remember locking the door.

  • He admitted breaking the window.

  • I don’t fancy going out this evening.

  • You should practice introducing yourself.

  • He admitted stealing the money.

  • She advised waiting until tomorrow.

  • I anticipate having a good time on vacation.

  • I appreciated heaving form them.

  • He avoided answering my question.

  • I can’t bear waiting in long lines.

  • It began raining.

  • I finally completed writing my term paper.

  • I will consider going with you.

  • He continued speaking.

  • He delayed leaving for school.

  • She denied committing the crime.

  • The discussed opening the business.

  • I dislike driving long distances.

  • We enjoyed visiting them.

  • She finished studying about ten.

  • I‟ll never forget visiting Napoleon‟s tomb.

  • I hate making silly mistakes.

  • I can’t help worrying about it.

  • I keep hoping he will come.

  • I like going to movies.

  • I love going to operas.

  • She mentioned going to a movie.

  • Would you mind helping me with this?

  • I miss being with my family.

  • Let‟s postpone leaving until tomorrow.

  • The athlete practiced throwing the ball.

  • Ann prefers walking to driving to works.

  • He quit trying to solve the problem.

  • I don’t recall meeting him before.

  • I don’t recollect meeting him before.

  • She recommended seeing the show.

  • I regret telling him my secret.

  • I can remember meeting him when I was a child.

  • I resent her interfering in my business.

  • I couldn‟t resist eating the dessert.

  • She risks losing all of her money.

  • I can’t stand waiting in long lines.

  • It started raining.

  • She stopped going to classes when she got sick.

  • She suggested going to a movie.

  • She won‟t tolerate cheating during an examination.

  • I tried changing the light bulb, but the lamp still didn‟t work.

  • I don‟t understand his leaving school.

Герундий және Инфинитивпен келетін етістіктер:



Forget / remember

  • I remembered seeing the Alps for the first time. (ӛткен шақта)

Asel always remembers to lock the door. (Әсел есікті жабуды ұмытпайды)

  • I‟ll never forget flying over the Pacific Ocean. It was wonderful.

(... ешқашан ұмытпаймын)

  • I forgot to switch on the machine. (қосуды ұмытып кетіппін) Mean

  • I think Bolat meant to break the glass. I didn‟t look an accident.

(шыны ыдысты сындыруға тырысты)

  • I‟m applying for a visa. It means filing in this form.

Regret

  • Azar regretted not buying the house. (Ажар үйді сатып алмағанына ӛкінді)

  • I regret to tell you that you have failed. (айтуға ӛкінішті)

Stop

  • He stopped eating junk food because it is unhealthy.

  • I stopped to buy some coffee. (сатып алу үшін тоқтады) Try

  • Why don‟t you try getting up early?(тырысу)

  • I tried to get up early, but I couldn‟t. (әрекет жасады)

Go on

  • The teacher introduced herself and went on to explain about the course. (Түсіндіруге кӛшті)

  • The teacher told everyone to be quite, but they just went on talking. (Сӛйлесуді жалғастырды)


EXERCISES


Put the verbs in the following sentences:

Try, steal, meet, look, write, make, be run, wash, play, eat, splash, go, drive, take.

For example: Do you miss playing tennis every afternoon? 1. Could you please stop … … so much noise?


  1. I don‟t enjoy …. letters.

  2. Does your job involve … … a lot of people?

  3. I considered … … the job, but in the end I decided against it.

  4. If you use the shower, try and avoid … … water on the floor.

  5. Jake have up … … to be an actor and decided to become a teacher.

  6. Have you finished … … your hair yet?

  7. The phone rang while Ann was having dinner. She didn‟t answer it; she just went on … . 9. She admitted … the car but denied … it dangerously.

  1. Why do you keep on … at me like that?

  2. They had to postpone … away because their son was sick.

  3. If you cross the street without looking, you risk … … over by a car.

2. Open the brackets. 1. Please remember … to close … the door when you go out.

(close) I remember … the door, but I‟m not sure that I locked it.

2. I paid the electricity bill, but I don‟t remember … the rent, (pay) Oh dear! I think I forgot … the rent this month. 3. I tried … in a department store, but it wasn‟t a very good job. (work) You really must try … … harder.

4. She just went on … about everything, (complain). She complained about everything else, and then she went on … about the price. 5. I remember … the money in the drawer, but it‟s not there now. (leave) I must remember … some money to pay for the repairs.


  1. I really regret … everyone what happened. I should have kept it a secret, (tell) I regret … you that there has been a serious accident.

  1. I remember … to the dentist as a child, (go) I must remember … to the dentist on Wednesday.

  1. I‟ll never forget … Paris for the first time, (visit). We mustn‟t forget … Monique when we‟re in Paris.

3 Open the brackets using the suitable form of the Gerund.

  1. Excuse me for (to break) your beautiful vase.

  2. You never mentioned (to be) to Greece.

  3. She was proud of (to award) the cup of a champion.

  4. I don‟t remember ever (to meet) your sister. 5. I don‟t remember (to ask) this question by anybody.

  1. The cat was punished for (to break) the cup.

  2. The cat was afraid of (to punish) and hid itself under the sofa.

  3. The machine needs (to clean). 9. I am quite serious in (to say) that I don‟t want to go abroad.

  1. He seemed sorry for (to be) inattentive to his child.

  2. She confessed to (to forget) to send the letter.

  3. The old man could not stand (to tell) what he should do.

  4. Going to the party was no use: he had no talent for (to dance).

  5. The Bronze Horseman is worth (to see).

  6. After thoroughly (to examine) the student, the professor gave him a satisfactory mark.

  7. After thoroughly (to examine) by the examination commission, the student was given a satisfactory mark.

  8. She accused him (to steal) her purse.

  9. She reproached me for (not to write) to her.

  10. This job is not worth (to take).

  11. After (to look) through and (to mark) the student‟s papers, the teacher handed them back.

  12. After (to look) through and (to mark), the papers were handed back to the students.

  13. These clothes want (to wash).

  14. David was very glad of (to find) his aunt.

4. Translate into Kazakh paying attention to the different forms of Gerund:

1.Watching football matches may be exciting enough, but of course it is more exciting enough, but of corse it is more exciting playing football.

2.She stopped coming to see us , and I wondered what had happened to her.

3.Can you remember having seen the man before?

4.She was terrifield of having to speak to anybody, abd even more, of being spoken to

5.He was on the point of leaving the club, as the porter stopped him.

6.After being corrected by the teacher, the students‟ papers were returned to them. 7.I wondered at my mother‟s having allowed the journey.

8.I understand perfectly your wishing to start the work at once.

9.Everybody will discuss the event, there is no preventing it.

10.At last he broke the silence by inviting everybody to walk into the dining-room.

11.On being told the news she turned pale.

12.The place is worth visiting.

TEST YOURSELF


1. Бҧл сӛйлемде герундий ненің қызметін атқарып тҧр? Her greatest pleasure was swimming.



  1. пысықтауыш d) толықтауыш

  2. баяндауыш e) бастауыш

  3. анықтауыш 2. Мысалға қарап қай формаға жататынын анықтаңыз:

Watching

  1. Indefinite Infinitive Active d) Participle 2

  2. Gerund e) Progressive Infinitive

  3. Infinitive Passive 3. Герундий сӛйлемді табыңыз:

  1. He admitted stealing.

  2. She was stealing the money from father‟s pocket.

  3. I saw her stealing the money.

  4. She has been stealing my thoughts.

  5. He is going to steal her this evening.

4. Мысалға қарап қай формаға жататынын анықтаңыз:

Giving


  1. Indefinite Infinitive Active d) Participle 2

  2. Gerund e) Progressive Infinitive

  3. Infinitive Passive

5. Бҧл сӛйлемде герундий ненің қызметін атқарып тҧр? She was fond of drawing when she was a child.

  1. пысықтауыш d) толықтауыш

  2. баяндауыш e) бастауыш

  3. анықтауыш 6. Герундий сӛйлемді табыңыз:

  1. She has told me the lie. d) I heard them telling

  2. I regret telling him my funny stories.

secret. e) There is a new

  1. She is telling me everything. building near our house.

7. Бҧл сӛйлемде герундий ненің қызметін атқарып тҧр? Reading is her hobby.

  1. пысықтауыш d) толықтауыш

  2. баяндауыш e) бастауыш

  3. анықтауыш

8. Мысалға қарап қай формаға жататынын анықтаңыз: I was accused of stealing money from my teacher.



  1. Adjective d) Participle 2

  2. Gerund e) Progressive Infinitive c) Infinitive

9. Мысалға қарап қай формаға жататынын анықтаңыз:

Cleaning



  1. Infinitive Perfect d) Participle 2

  2. Gerund e) Infinitive Passive

  3. Infinitive Simple

10. Бҧл сӛйлемде герундий ненің қызметін атқарып тҧр? Driving is pleasant.

  1. пысықтауыш d) толықтауыш

  2. баяндауыш e) бастауыш

  3. анықтауыш

11. Мысалға қарап қай формаға жататынын анықтаңыз: I‟m afraid of being alone.

  1. Verb d) Participle 2

  2. Gerund e) Infinitive

  3. Adjective 12. Сӛйлемдегі етістікті тиісті формаға қойыңыз:

This book is worth (read)

  1. to read d) read

  2. reading e) to have read

  3. to reading

13. Сӛйлемдегі етістікті тиісті формаға қойыңыз: One of the boys admitted (break) the window.

  1. to break d) broke

  2. breaking e) to have broken

  3. to breaking

14. Сӛйлемдегі етістікті тиісті формаға қойыңыз:

My brother has given up (smoke) He thinks it‟s a waste of money.



  1. to smoking d) smoke

  2. to have smoked e) to smoke

  3. smoking

15. Сӛйлемдегі етістікті тиісті формаға қойыңыз: I don‟t fancy (go out) this evening.

  1. to have gone out d) to going out

  2. to go out e) going out

  3. go out

16. Сӛйлемдегі етістікті тиісті формаға қойыңыз:

Sam denied (cheat.)



  1. to cheat d) cheat

  2. to cheating e) to have cheated

  3. cheating

17. Сӛйлемде герундий толықтауыш:

  1. Before sleeping I called my brother.

  2. Sleeping is my best friend.

  3. I‟m used to sleeping with the open window.

  4. Sleeping Beauty.

  5. The baby is sleeping.

18. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle? We were tired of walking in the town.

  1. Gerund d) Adjective

  2. Adverb e) Participle II

  3. Pronoun

19. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle?

The lady standing in the corner of the room was his mother.



  1. Adverb d) Partciple

  2. Verb e) Adjective

  3. Noun

20. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle? Go on reading and translating the text.

  1. Noun d) Adverb

  2. Verb e) Adjective

  3. Gerund

21. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle? Entering the room I saw him.

  1. Participle d) Adverb

  2. Verb e) Adjective

  3. Noun

22 Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle?

The question discussed at the meeting was very interesting and useful.


  1. Participle d) Adverb

  2. Verb e) Adjective

  3. Noun

23. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle? He entered the room without seeing me.

  1. Verb d) Noun

  2. Participle e) Adverb

  3. Gerund

24. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle? I am fond of collecting coins.

  1. Adverb d) Noun

  2. Participle e) Gerund

  3. Verb

25. Choose the right variant Gerund or Participle? I watched the playing children with great interest.

  1. Gerund d) Noun

  2. Prticiple e) Adverb

  3. Verb




Павлодар облысы,ақтоғай ауданы,балтасап ауылы
Сұрау есімдіктері
The verb – етістік
An activity that is in progress at the moment
An action that began and ended at a specific time in the past
Ann action that began in the past and continues in the present -
A past action that occurred before another action in the past
The lexicology - лексика

Каталог: uploads -> doc -> 115c
doc -> Ана тілі №2. Тақырыбы: Кел, балалар, оқылық Мақсаты
doc -> Сабақ жоспары «Сәулет және дизайн» кафедрасының арнаулы пән оқытушысы, ҚР «Еуразиялық Дизайнерлер Одағының» мүшесі: Досжанова Галия Есенгелдиевна Пәні: Сурет және сұңғат өнері
doc -> Сабақ Сабақтың тақырыбы : Кіріспе Сабақтың мақсаты : «Алаштану» курсының мектеп бағдарламасында алатын орны, Алаш қозғалысы мен Алашорда үкіметі тарихының тарихнамасы мен дерекнамасына қысқаша шолу
doc -> Тәрбие сағаттың тақырыбы: Желтоқсан жаңғырығы
doc -> Сабақтың тақырыбы : Әбунасыр Әл- фараби Сабақтың мақсаты
doc -> Сабақ жоспары Тақырыбы: Үкілі Ыбырай Мектеп:№21ом мерзімі
115c -> Қазақ тілі мен әдебиеті
115c -> Сабақ Тақырыбы: и әрпі және дыбысы Бастауыш сынып мұғалімі: Байжуманов А. К
115c -> Сабақтын тақырыбы «Биология әлемі»
115c -> Қазақстанның қалалары. (3-сынып) Сабақтың мақсаты


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