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The meaning of the concept of "five"



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The meaning of the concept of "five". In the Kazakh language, the word "five" is used in the sense of the whole "hand". The root word is probably pronounced as "elephant" instead of "five" or "know". After the triple number system, man invented the five number system. It is clear that in ancient times the number system was limited to five. And the name of the main number in the five-calendar system.
Five is clear: the word clear is used here to mean clear. If we spread the five truths: language, religion, tradition, history, homeland. According to Greek scholars, in order to clearly feel that people are known, specific to a nation, a people must fully meet 5 different conditions:
- First of all, you need to know the language of the nation;
- secondly, it is necessary to fully absorb the traditions of that nation;
- Thirdly, it is necessary to know the depths of the settlements of that nation;
- Fourth, it is necessary to recognize the religion of the nation;
- Fifth, we must recognize the history of that nation
It is not surprising that the people, who knew that the number limit was "five", tied it with five fingers, gathered all the weapons and divided them into five parts. Because weapons are the source of life for humans. Also, the number five has a special meaning due to the five fingers on one hand. The four fingers of the five fingers of the human hand are of four kinds (earth, water, fire, air), meaning that man was created from dust.
The symbolic meaning of the number five. As a counting system, "five" was the limit of numbers in fairy tales. Given that the beginning of the counting system begins with the finger, the limit, plural meaning is directly related to the five fingers. In the words of V. Gordlevsky, "... in general, the number five was added to him a certain number, rather indicating the enormity of the number and on the hand of all five fingers" [26, 88].
The phrase "all weapons are ready, weapons are ready" with five instruments in the Kazakh language came from five weapons. Five weapons - a bow, a shotgun - a gun, a fork - a spear, a spear, a spear - a sword, a trick, a sledgehammer - a club, a dagger. According to the ancient notion, a man must have five weapons, he must always be ready (Akhmetzhanova, Dusupbaeva, 2001: 29).
The five instruments of the language are "all-powerful, all-knowing", five-fingered, "memorize, mature", and the phrase "complete, meat-winning" has the meanings of "excellent" and "wonderful".
The lines of Abai's poem, which sang the magical and mysterious secret of the number five as five nobles and five enemies, prove it:
Бес нәрседен қашық бол,
Бес нәрсеге асық бол
Адам болам десеңіз...
Өсек, өтірік, мақтаншақ,
Еріншек, бекер мал шашпақ,
Бес дұшпаның білсеңіз.
Талап, еңбек, терең ой,
Қанағат, рақым ойлап қой,
Бес асыл іс көнсеңіз. ...(Абай).
Бес күндік пәни // бес күндік жалған дүние // бес күндік The semantics of phrasal verbs meaning "limited life" is a measure of the time between the birth and death of a person in the concept of finite, temporal.
The meaning of the concept of "six". The symbolic meaning of the number six. In the sense of the number six, there are many, infinite, boundless semas. All six numbers after the system of five (in the plural) have the meanings of distance, strength, magnificence, and cruelty. Six alas, five indebted "in the desert, far: one", six lions "large tribes, close relatives", a child of six alash "all Kazakhs, whole", six quarrels "mutual hatred, if not prosperity", six layers behind the sky // behind the six edges // under the six edges in the phrases "far, far away" six-headed dragon ", Six-winged white house // six-winged white horde" big, swaying, solemn ", six-pointed white spear" long weapon for heroes "idioms have strong, fierce, big, long, giant, very big meanings.
And the turkologist L. Rashoni says: Together with that sr.-kipch. The personal name of altybars is interpreted as "wishing a newborn, born in the year of the tiger, to live 6 x 12 years, ie. long life », similarly - cf. - kipch. Altybuya ”(Rasonyi, 1953: 47-48). People believed that naming a baby would protect them from evil spirits and spirits. In the Old Turkic dictionary, in the Middle Uyghur monuments, the suffix saltyjulduz is found.
The meaning of the concept of "seven". Proverbs, poems, sayings, etc. based on the seven. The phraseology is significant. They contain traces of ancient customs.
It is well-known that in the life of any country, in the old tradition, there is witchcraft and sorcery. The remnants of that shamanic and religious notion were also present in the Kazakhs. When the Kazakhs opened Kumalak, they said that it was the seven alphabets that they gave to Zhetysken. Here "alphabet" originally meant "knowledge, recognition". After all, in the Kyrgyz language it is still used in the variant "aryp". That's why the Kyrgyz say that there are forty-one letters. According to the elders who know how to open Kumalak, the fact that Kumalak is "seven alphabets" is a sign of a person with an open forehead, "happiness" and "walking". The meaning of "successful" here makes Kumalak "seven alphabets". There is no doubt that a person who truly believes in Balger's "divination" will kneel before the seven alphabets that will give him success. It is not surprising that people with such beliefs can deduce seven layers of earth and seven layers of sky. These phraseologies convey a mythological, astrological concept. The fact that the people, who know the "horns of the blue bull" holding the earth, associate it with their thoughts, shows that this number can be at least a little bit of information about the modern life and ideology of my grandfather. In this regard, the name of the Seven Pirates (Zhetygen in the ancient Turkic language), associated with the Kyrgyz star Seven Argali with the number seven, indicates that this number is probably "sacred". It is possible that he gave birth to seven stars to seven pirates, that he called something visible by his own name, that there is no "sacred" quality here. Why, then, are the stars named differently? One of the stars is called Temirkazyk, Urker, Sholpan, the other is called Esekkyrgan, Akbozat, Kokbozat. Suppose he called something visible bulb by its own name, and now the Kazakhs call an invisible night seven nights or seven dark nights. Why are you walking in the seven dark nights [seven nights] that come from this word? Or where do you go in the seven dark nights? The fact that the religious concept is associated with the seven words of magical consciousness is also shown by the phrases seven saints [27] saint (here "boozik" means big, large) or seven sharifs. The seven shari'ahs are: 1. Мәке [Меке) шәріп; 2. Мәдина шәріп; 3. Бұхар шәріп; 4. Шам шәріп; 5. Қатым шәріп; 6. Құддыс шәріп [Мысыр шәріп]; 7. Кәлем шәріп. There is no reason for the clerics to say, "The Qur'an has been commanded by a Muslim, and it is one of the seven books that came down from heaven." Do the preachers know that these "seven" do not mix with Islam and the Prophet Muhammad? Before the word "descended from heaven", the "moldekem" probably did not know the secret of the concept, which was multiplied by the number "seven" centuries before the birth of the Prophet Muhammad.
The notion that "we have been Muslims since Almisak" is incomprehensible to the masses. The seven wonders of the Greek people ("seven wonders of the world") passed through the backs of many prophets and gave birth to many saints. These are the seven famous giants: the Pyramid of Egypt, the Garden of Semiramis in Babylon, the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, the Statue of Zeus, the Mausoleum in Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, and Pharos. The fact that these seven giants (seven wonders) have been passed down from generation to generation, become a world-famous "force" and are associated with those seven concepts - is proof that this number has a special meaning in the country. Hence, it has long been known to Russian scholars that the name of the great, architectural buildings in Russian as "the eighth miracle of the world" or the latest achievement of art as "the miracle of modern technology" came from the influence of the "seven wonders".
The number seven is so firmly entrenched in the mind that if a person knows that something is an outgrowth, he will be overwhelmed, add the number seven, put on a Kazakh and wear a headline; The Kazakhs say that the biggest of the vultures and dragons is the seven-headed vulture, the seven-headed dragon (seven-headed dragon).
Attitudes towards this number have become a tradition among the people. An example of this is the law of marriage only after seven grandparents. The custom of marrying seven grandfathers has been practiced for centuries. This tradition was later adopted by the countries that converted to Islam; Thus, the seven words also affected the hadith of the Prophet. Eventually, the distance was measured by these seven, and at least each tribe had to know the genealogy of its seven ancestors. Hence the word "dead" (or a disbeliever who did not know his seven grandfathers). There is a secret to measuring a lot of things with this size and getting used to cutting with this pattern. It is said that if a poor man has never seen a corpse since he was a child, he was not spit on by his seven grandfathers. It is an insult to ride a horse and see it from the age of seven. Wealth, heroism, and poetry, which have been descended from the Urum tribe, are called in Kazakh by the Kazakhs: dark blue from their seven grandfathers ("caterpillar child, rich manap, shonzhar"), and now in seven places their roots are full; The heroism and wealth come from seven grandfathers. It is said that a person who has been a poet since his ancestors has been a poet since his seven grandfathers.
We see such variability in other chapters of the lexical branch of language. A person who speaks many languages ​​and knows the customs of many peoples (polyglot) is said to know the languages ​​of the seven sciences; here "science" does not mean "knowledge", but "country", "people" (this word is a Greek word in the form of "inclination", which came to our language through the Arabic language). There is a saying in our language that I have never seen such a thing from my seven grandfathers (seven grandfathers, I have never seen such a thing in my seven mustans). If you want to caress and insult someone from generation to generation, the Kazakhs come from "seven grandfathers", "seven mustaches" or "seventy seven grandfathers".
The word seven is followed by a series of proverbs: he eats sticks from the ground until he is seven; take six, eat seven; the orphan's womb is seven layers [the orphan's seven wombs]; the poor have seven January (meaning "... because"), etc.
It doesn't seem to be a coincidence that the main criterion is whether the child eats a stick from the ground or not. Of course, there is a fact of life in the calculation of a child's consciousness, hearing, and gait from the age of seven. Six means six, and seven means you can't eat ("maturity, getting rich"). When we consider this number as the main limit (when we consider "many", "abundant"), we need to understand the semantic role of the phrase "you can't eat seven" in our modern language. The number of cattle was sometimes measured as forty-seven, seventeen, and thirty-seven. Someone had the habit of saying congratulations when a woman gave birth to a girl, and sometimes forty-seven (it is also more common to say congratulations if you have forty horses). One thing to note here is that even though the total number of animals is high, reaching the age of seven, the number of Kudandals in the long run is still higher than the number or less than the limit. In this sense, the literal lexical meaning of the seven words is not preserved here. If this is not a "superstition", it is not necessary to constantly refine the seven and bring them to the seven when feeding cattle. This, however, may indicate that the seventies were just a conditional concept.
Seven ancient times took place in other spheres of life. Regarding hunting, dog running, bird-watching: a dog is one of the seven treasures (a dog is included in one of the seven treasures). These seven treasures are: 1) a galloping greyhound, 2) an eagle, 3) a shotgun, 4) a beautiful girl or a beautiful woman, 5) a galloping horse, 6) a man, 7) knowledge. Of course, people have other ideas about the seven treasures. Seven, on the one hand, is associated with goodness, art, profession, and virtue, and on the other hand, it is related to the famine, which disturbs the peasantry, restores the country, and sometimes leads to chaos and famine. The Kazakhs say that there are seven brothers. Even if the winter is severe and the animals die from the cold and storms, there is a famine, even if there is no rain and no crops, there is a famine, and even if there is an epidemic, there is a famine. It is known that whichever of these swallows brings with it another large swallow, one swallow invites another swallow. Swallowing can have far-reaching consequences. Therefore, it is not unreasonable to call the appearance of other brothers in the same group "seven brothers. These "brothers" of Jut are understood by the people as: 1. Drought (lack of crops, weeding); 2. Livestock loss (severe winters, heavy snowfalls, epidemics); 3. Plague (without rolling); 4. Fire; 5. War (invasion of a peaceful country); 6. Flooding; 7. Earthquake.
Thus, it is possible to increase the number of religious phraseologies that come with seven words, as well as other regular expressions that are encountered in everyday life in the form of relics from that concept.
In fairy tales, heroic songs, poems, toponymic terminology, there are many words associated with the seven, after reading the Koran to the dead seven days later and giving seven, not to mention seven hells (seven hells), seven copper (copper old woman). The poet Abel, who lived in the early part of the 20th century, says:Арғымақ атқа сын болмас, Қиған қамыс құлақсыз, Азаматта сын болмас, Арты болса тұяқсыз. Жеті арнада сын болмас, Аяғы болса тұрақсыз. In fairy tales there are such phrases as crossing seven rivers. In the poems of former poets:Әптиекке жеті әліп, Той дегенде барамын домбыра алып, – the word groups must have originated from the notion of these seven. In the mouths of the people жеті насырым жерге кіріп; бетімнің суы бес төгіліп there are phraseologies. It means "very embarrassed and too embarrassed"; "Nasyr" - in the sense of very large, too large; The fact that this work is in full swing also means that "the work will become a big scandal." The phraseology here is that even if I go there, I will go to the ground for seven years, my face will be drenched, and I will be forced to come in similar sentences.
The law of Tauke khan (1680 1718), the son of Zhangir khan, who adapted the Kazakh customs and souvenirs of that time to the wishes of the state and to the new current of economy and politics, is called "Seven charters of Tauke".
In our opinion, Tauke khan and his dancers Tole bi and Kazybek dances collected their ancient customs and traditions, took the most important ones, the most important ones, and called their new laws "Seven Charters". interesting. Here, too, the seven are not mentioned in their original sense. "Sacred" is used as a number and means "basic", "main".
Of course, there are opinions that the word "seven" has always been based on religion, or myth, totem. However, in our opinion, in some cases, this point of view is a reflection of real life.
In some Turkic languages, the word zheti (seven, seven ...) is used instead of "week". Even in Kazakh, once in seven, giving seven, shows that he goes instead of "week". In this regard, it can be assumed that before the Persian word "week" (and in this sense the Arabic word "Friday") was used "seven" in the Turkic language in the sense of "week". Muslims call the seven days of the week (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday) in Iranian. And what did he say before that? We do not yet have a definitive answer to this question. In the form of a simple prediction, the following can be said: a) They can be pronounced as the first, the second ... day. For example, in the Orkhon inscriptions there are such phrases as the first day (the first day I killed - Mog., Hal; the first day we drowned in the Togi Ball, - KTb. 44), the second day (the second day I killed a lot., - Mog., Hal). It is unclear whether these are the "first day" or "second day" of the week, or a simple sequence of events called "first day" or "second day" of the event. In the past tense, words other than nouns can be used interchangeably, b) the ability to speak by the month is also a matter of concern (one ..., two new of the month, etc.), c) today (this + day), tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, yesterday, the day before, the day after, etc. such names are also a noticeable problem. For example, it is noteworthy that in Uyghur the first five days are pronounced today as ata, ögün, indin, chindin, in Kyrgyz: as the day before (four days ago), yesterday as the day before (the day before).
Many ancient proverbs, sayings, sayings of our people, common phrases are associated with the names of these seven numbers. Respect for the number seven dates back to antiquity. It is very common both in the numerical system and in the culture of other nations. We can say that the number and concept of the seven can clearly reflect the various religious and ritual traditions, the old country customs. It is known that the word Zhety is sacred not only among the Kazakh people, but in all other countries. M. Auezov says in this chapter: "The antiquity of the Kazakh people should be considered not only the antiquity of the Kazakh people, but the antiquity of the Turkish people in general" [17, 9]. It means more broadly. von Humboldt “The study of the languages ​​of the world is also a world history of thoughts and feelings of man.
He must describe the people of all countries and all levels of cultural development; it is necessary to enter everything that touches a person ”[18,48]. For example, the Russian people have the following regular expressions. “Seven sages, seven wonders of the world; Moscow stands on seven hills; one sheep has seven sides; served seven years, served seven years; semero v sani po semero v sanyah; seven - on a hare, one - hammer ».
"Seven pirates" in Kyrgyz is called "seven argali". The concept of "seven fathers" exists in the Kyrgyz and Tatar peoples. "The law of marriage only after seven ancestors" This custom has been preserved for centuries in all Turkic and Mongol peoples. In the Tatar language, it is measured seven times, once in the form of a seven-fold measure, one layer of kis, seven layers of underground - seven layers of underground, seven foreheads - seven foreheads, seven layers of skin - seven layers of skin. We can see that the number seven has a special place in the Buryat fairy tales: “Well done on the road. On the road, seven children played with a hat, Pangor asked them, "Is this what you put on your hat?"
In Indian culture, the number seven is sacred, the seven members, the seven loaves of bread are from the Indians, in ancient Babylon there is a holiday seven days later, the seven lights in the celestial world: Sun, Moon, Mercury, Saturn, Mars, Jupiter, Sholpan - seven gods A seven-tiered dome was erected in Babylon in their honor.
The ancient Greeks, like other nations, worshiped the number seven. The number seven is mentioned in many legends. For example, in the myth of the monster Minotaur, seven sons and seven daughters were sacrificed each year to save the country from it, and a woman named Nioba, who insulted the goddess Laton, had seven sons and seven daughters. Seven sages were especially revered in Greece.
In Chinese culture, there is a custom of mourning on the seventh, twenty-first, and forty-ninth days after the death of a person in connection with seven. In this regard, the use of such words as seven, three seven, seven months.
And while science does not have a definitive answer to the question of why these seven numbers are sacred, our scientists have different assumptions. The virtue of the number seven is the occurrence of the number seven in a person (seven souls, seven-month-old baby, seven limbs), while another scholar suggests that the sacred character of the number seven in the Kazakh people's worldview dates back to the seven pirate stars. Based on the achievements in various fields of science, the places where a person receives energy from seven parts: the first soul - inside the pancreas, the second soul - in the bladder, the third soul - slightly above the abdomen, the fourth - in the heart, the fifth - in the food, the sixth - between the eyebrows, the seventh - on the ceiling.
Each soul has a different color. Different colors for each soul can also be associated with the seven different colors of the rainbow. Given the fact that the concept of "happy, born with a dress" exists in any nation, scientists attribute the fact that it continues with concrete scientific definitions and can not exceed the numbers with the shell, which supports the baby from the inside and consists of seven layers. It is written above that in the environment, from near and far, a person is very receptive to seven places, which is called the "chakra". We believe that the number seven has its own secrets, the period of the child's stay in the womb and the direct cosmic connection of the human soul. At present, these connections are being studied in detail.
The symbolic meaning of the number seven. The leader of the Kazakh science of phraseology is acad. I. Kenesbayev said that the field of consumption of the number seven is wider than other numbers and they have traces of ancient traditions.
There are stable traditions of the Turkic peoples associated with the number seven. One of them is directly related to religious concepts. Jeti ayylyg nomlar "seven books, seven sacred teachings", jeti jemki bacay "fasting related to food" found in ancient Uyghur monuments; zeti zahanim in the Kabardino-Balkarian language "terrible hell" (literally "seven hells"); Zhetybuzirik auliye in the Kazakh language "zheti kily auliye", in the Uyghur language yatty ati's arvalari urmak "ancestral ghost beating" and others. The phrases contain concepts related to ancestral customs.
The Turkic peoples have seven astronomical terms and concepts. In the Kashgari dictionary jetti gat root "seven layers of sky"; seven layers of earth in the Kazakh language // seven layers of sky; in Kyrgyz zeti argali means "pirate"; Uzbek seven-year-old brother "seven pirates"; d'eti khan in the Altai language, etc. The seven layers of the earth in the popular notion are the Abyss, the Snake, the Water, the Double Fish, the Black Stone, the Blue Ox, the Earth, and the Seven Blue - the Moon, the Sun, the Sholpan, the Donkey (Mercury), the Red Star (Mars), Saturn, and Jupiter.
Folklore plots, proverbs and sayings related to the semantics of the number seven are common in the Turkic peoples. Jedi bašly in Turkish "about a woman who is angry" (seven heads), jedi zanly "a man who does not drown in water, does not burn in fire" (seven souls); In the Turkmen language, the Yediden has been known as "one of the seven", the Yedideria's Suvuni is believed to be "smooth, self-sufficient, self-sufficient" (literally "drinking the water of the seven seas"); In the Kabardino-Balkarian language, zetizol is separated from the zenith "at the crossroads of the seven paths", zetikol is called "seven layers of underground, very far", in Altaic, d'etti d'ol's belt is "at the crossroads"; in the Bashkir language, "seven days, at least seven nights" surrounded by seven nights; In the Uyghur language, the names of the seven fathers are urmak, "seven grandfathers", the climate is "all the people (seven peoples)", the seventh is "healthy" (seven members are healthy), and so on.
The number seven also means kinship in Turkic languages. For example, "seven grandfathers" in the old Kazakh tribal lineage, the ancestor, took the main place. When he reached the congregation of one man, he slaughtered a white camel and a gray-haired man, made a big gathering, and decided to take a girl and give her away. Since then, the law "On marriage only after seven grandfathers" was passed in Taukent. Later, the measure of proximity was measured by these seven, and Muslim countries were obliged to know the genealogy of at least seven ancestors of the tribe [26,88].
Zheti ata for the Kazakh people - child, father, grandfather, great-grandfather, grandfather, great-grandfather, only grandfather. In the Bashkir language, yeti ata is used to mean "not related to each other, not related", but in the Uyghur language this concept is typical of the phrase yatti ata, yatmish pushti.
According to folk customs, the dead are buried seven times. The phrases of holding seven in the Kazakh language, passing the zide in the Bashkir language, passing the yete in the Tatar language, passing the yatis in the Uyghur language are used in the sense of "waiting for the dead". Seven days later, the god gave alms to the deceased, gathered people to commemorate him, and gave him food. The seven bread gods, the seven-coin alms, and the seven-coin vowel phrases formed on the basis of this concept are used in the language.
The motive of these phrases is that “in ancient times, when people were afraid of something or prayed, they prayed to gods and ghosts and called animals, things and money to protect themselves from difficulties. It was necessary to have seven of them. "
In Uzbek, seven is the fourth day of mourning, and the number seven is the sum of three nights and four days.
In Sakha (Yakuts) ynah sättätä The phrase "seven animals" According to EK Pekarsky, according to tradition, a bull, a horse, a colt (slaughtered alive if thin, fat if fat), three cows, a large number of cattle.
There are linguistic facts that give the number seven the meaning of "abundance, wealth, abundance." For example: in Turkish jedi iklim dort buzak "everywhere" (literally seven different weather, four corners), jedi mahalle "the whole world, all the earth" (literally seven kilometers), jedi kat "several times" (literally seven) floor); in the Turkmen language on the Yedi road "in front of everyone" (literally over seven lines), in the Kabardino-Balkarian language since the time of Zeti Ata "since ancient times" (literally since the time of seven ancestors); in Tatar zide tön urtasi ~ yetitön ortahi "dark night" (literally the middle of seven nights); in Yakut sättäbin olturun (yllym) "I took all seven". At the heart of this phrase in the Yakut language is the meaning of "I did not leave all my debts, I paid them all" [25,11].
The motives of the phrase "seven worlds" in the Kazakh language are the concepts of east, west, south, north, sky (upper universe), earth (middle universe), underground (lower universe), which are the seven universes in popular knowledge. The basis of the phrase "many countries" is the lands of Urum, Crimea, China, Turan, Sham, Egypt, Shin-Mashyn, which are the ancestors of the eastern peoples.
The symbolic meaning of the number seven in the Turkic languages ​​is not less than three. The famous Mongolist, a specialist in the field of phraseology GTSurbeev says about the symbolic nature of the number seven in the Mongolian language: The number "sem" has "mystical sacred meaning in the description of the underworld - seven countries preispodey, seven adov, siyaniya semy soln", in the description of rites of action, rites of swearing, klytvyriya hypnosis, priely formulas. For many peoples of the world, the number seven is a mysterious concept associated with the sacred, mythical world.
In the tradition of the Kazakh people, the phrase "seven treasures" is pronounced differently at different times and places. Academician A. Kaidar makes an ethnolinguistic analysis of the phrase "seven treasures" and says: , c) a shotgun, d) a sharp point, d) a shotgun, e) a bloody trap and distribute and evaluate them as follows; a galloping horse is the blood or wings of a man, an eagle is the strength of a young man, a sable is a strong faith, a gun is a fire, a sharp moment is a thirst, a hunt is a trick, a bloody trap is a secret. According to the old belief, if these seven treasures are in the hands of a young man, his garden will burn and his dream will come true ”[12,6].
According to some ethnographic sources, there are seven treasures - a man, a beautiful woman, intelligence and knowledge, a galloping horse, an eagle, a shotgun, a galloping dog (Kenzheakhmetovich, 1998: 228). In any case, although the motives of the seven treasures at different times are different, the meaning of the phrase "the source of wealth, wealth, prosperity" is preserved.
According to Academician I. Kenesbayev, there are opinions that the word "seven" has always been based on religion or myth, totem. In our opinion, in some cases, this point of the problem is a reflection of real life [12,7].
The meaning of the concept of "eight". The symbolic meaning of the number eight. In the language of Orkhon-Yenisei monuments the meaning of phrases with the number eight is very interesting. In the Old Turkic dictionary, the ethnonym sekiz oyuz "eight Oguzs" meaning "unity of one tribe" is often found in the monument to Moiyn Chor. In the language of runic monuments, the secret of the phrase "eight legs" is mysterious. L.V. Dmitrieva, the author of the article DTS, explains that "I did not enjoy ... [in relation to] his property - a thousand [heads] of fat [cattle]" in the Yenisei monuments. but it is difficult to relate the number of legs given in the phrase to the weight of the animal. It is known that no matter how heavy an elephant is, the number of its legs does not exceed a quarter, camels, horses, cows, etc. The same is true of livestock. The image of the meaning of segiz adaglyg here is unique.
In the language of the Yenisei monuments (Elegesh monument), the phrase tört adagly jyldym, säkiz adaglyg barymym is translated as "I have a four-legged horse and an eight-legged animal". In another line of the Yenisei monument (the Begre monument) the phrase säkiz adaglyg barymym üçün is translated by SE Malov as "I have my own fat cattle" [18,32]. Bin säkiz adaglyg barymym in the Minusinsk Museum translates as "my eight-legged thousand cattle". S.E. Malov seems to have had a hard time translating the phrase säkiz adaglyg. PM Melioransky experienced the same situation. According to H. Vamberi, he translated the word adaglyg as "consecrated, intended in sacrifice (animal)", but did not see the correctness of this translation [18,31].
In order to make sure that this translation is incorrect, SE Malov, referring to the Kyrgyz folklore, says: "... among the Kyrgyz we meet sixty variegated horses, where these numbers can be explained by the requirements of alliteration: six ajakny ala at yet ajakty yeren at" [18,28]. .
About eight-legged cattle prof. S.E. Malov has a very interesting example from Kazakh and Yakut folklore. In the collection "Songs of the steppes: an anthology of Kazakh literature", authored by L. Soboleva, M. Tolov quotes the translation of the Kazakh proverb "and two twins" in the form of verses. He also quotes from the collection of GN Potanin (Potanin, 1916: 86-87) Kazakh proverbial eight-legged stallion, six-legged stallion (eight legs at a red stallion, six legs at a striped stallion). It was mentioned above that the number of legs of an animal does not determine its weight. It is necessary to pay attention to the opposition of türt adagly ̃säkiz adaglyg in the monuments. Does the horse stand still, slow, or galloping? It may be due to this. There is no doubt that at first he had four legs. If a horse is riding at high speed, its legs are likely to look six or seven, sometimes eight. And no more than eight may be visible.
According to psychologists, "... the threshold of human perception, following the traditions of engineering psychology, called operative memory, is possible to hold once in the middle of the twin numbers (7 + 2), 7 + 1) five monosyllabic words (7-2) ”.
According to some sources, the ancient Turks used the phrase "four-legged" in the sense of an animal (horse) used for farming, and the phrase "eight-legged" in the sense of a tulpar used in a race. The word "Tulpar" comes in Turkic languages ​​with various figurative phrases. For example, in the Kazakh language there is a racehorse, a stallion, in the Kabardino-Balkar language there is a racehorse, in the Kyrgyz language there is a shadow horse, in the Bashkir language there is a sabush horse and so on. These phrases are used in the sense of "zhorga at", "tulpar that adds to the race". Well-known turkologist ER Tenishev says about the horse: "... proturks did not have a special term for a horse (jumping), and in this case they used the ancient methods of figurative nomination" [25,86].
Traditionally, the number "eight" in the Turkic peoples represents religious and mythological concepts. Eight paradises in the Kazakh language (paradise, community, flight) "is a place where innocent people live in the afterlife, where visitors love choir girls and beauties." For example:
Көз сипатын қарасаң,


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