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Features of numeric-component regular expressions in Kazakh and English languages



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2.2 Features of numeric-component regular expressions in Kazakh and English languages

As you know, the concept of numbers occupies a special place in the concept of peoples. The history of the origin of the number, we learned that every number nine, seven, three, one is a special sacred concept in the Kazakh people. The fact that there are sacred numbers can be formed individually in our consciousness.


In the early life of Man, numbers served as a measure of time, a measure of volume. The level of phraseological units of numerals is not the same. First, calculated numerals are often used. Secondly, not all numerals are used. In particular, the numbers "four", "seven", "nine", "forty" are used in a special meaning. Among numeral names, some numbers differ in that they are used in a different sense along with their numerical value. This is especially evident in the fact that these numbers are used in regular expressions, legends, epics, rituals and other worldviews.
A special place in the sacred vocabulary of the Kazakh language is occupied by numeral names. It is known that numbers perform practical functions, numerical operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, etc.) serve as signs when I count, but they also have sacred meaning, magical meaning and power. Ancient peoples believed that numbers had a sacred power, a hidden meaning, and a magical ability to influence everything around them, and that the gods used numbers to rule the world.
Phraseology is a linguistic phenomenon that is characterized by stability in its composition, which is found in the "tambourine-ready" state, and an unsurpassed elegance that can not be used in any situation.
The meaning of numbers is clearly expressed in phrases, regular expressions, i.e. Proverbs, phraseology, equalities. Methods of formation of stable phrases in the number system: first, mythological, astronomical, magical, etc.beliefs and legends, and secondly, stable phrases from numeral names, which have now become ethnophraseologisms, are left behind by fire - mouth, sickle – tongue orators.
"One" means the primordial unity, god in the peoples of the north, as well as light or, more precisely, the sun, the source of life. According to Pythagoras, the number one is called the monad and is considered a symbol of wisdom. One human self and a sign of loneliness. For example, there is a Russian proverb: "The only army on the Russian Square is not an army", where the only one is lonely and weak [30].
One way or another – Так или иначе (literally:"Тот путь или иной»). It is expressed in the sense of complete completion of the work to the end.
It is important to note that many numbers have lost their secret (esoteric) meaning, which is not obvious in the dictionary use of numbers. The semiotic biblical meaning of numbers is encoded in phraseological phrases, Proverbs, riddles, rituals, games, etc. For example, in the tradition of opening the kumalak, which is widespread among the Kazakhs, "сандық the quantitative and qualitative quality of life is fully consistent with the order of opening 41 kumalaks. It seems that forty-one kumalak was not only a means of discovery, but also a key to knowledge that creates a harmonious harmony of the human world with the world of Gods and spirits" [30, 3]. In other words, numbers in symbolic form can reflect the laws and patterns of real and metaphysical existence, the structure-structure of creation.
In Russian Numerology, "duality is a symbol of duality. Human couples are considered as a sign of evil, which indicates a premonition of death. This figure is associated with negative concepts in the Russian picture of the world" [30, 91].
In Kazakh Numerology, " since the number two is an even number, it is a symbol of stability and duality. And the basis of the binary system is that it recognizes what is opposite: positive-negative, female-male, Up-Down, Life-Death, Good-Evil, back-and-forth, etc.this numerical formation is recognized as universal in all cultures" [30, 78].
Also, the number two represents the" key to knowledge", the knowledge of the world and its laws is realized through the knowledge of two polarities, opposite sides, qualities, qualities, the basis of the world, being, phenomena.
For example, in the English to be in two minds about something –сомневаться, быть невсостоянии принять решение, күмән тудыру, шешім қабылдай алмау;
• kill two birds with one stone – достичь двух целей с помощью одного действия или убить двух зайцев одним выстрелом, екі оқпен бір қоянды ату., If you take the job now you will be able to kill two birds with one stone and get some experience besides earning money.
• Like two pear sin a pod – Не разлей вода; два сапога – пара; как две кали воды. Literally: «Как две горошины в стручке». Сойып қаптап қойғандай.
• In two minds – «Две головы, два мозга» және т.б. сөз тіркестерінен аңғаруға болады.
Two heads are better than one. Кеңесіп пішкен тон келте болмас. Ум хорошо, а два лучше [31].
Stable phrases related to work: wear two hats – қосымша жұмыс істеу, double in brass – екі мамандықты қатар қолдану, second fiddle – подчиненный, тәуелді [31, 71].
Stable phrases in relation to a person:For example: a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush – қолда бар алтынның қадірі жоқ, «Well, it’s about time you were stirring yourself. You can’t stop at home for ever». «But I don’t Musgrave... There is nothing wrong with him. He is a nice lad. Only I just don’t want to court him, that’s all». «A bird in the hands worth two in the bush», Aunt Daisy said. «If you are waiting for Prince Charming to ride up on a white horse you’ll be at home when you are seventy» (Bastow), put in one’s two cents – лезть со своим мнением, өзінің кеңесімен жағаласу, have two left feet – ебедейсіз адам, a double game – екіжүзділік.
The biblical semantics of the number three is also very rich. In the worldview, traditions and beliefs of many peoples of the world, the number three occupies a central place and is considered a sacred number. V. A. Maslova says:" three is the three unity of God, the three – leaf lotus flower of the Indians, the three – leaf (fast and decisive), the three-leaf kingdom-state, the Three Rivers, the three treasures, etc. " [33].
In English, the number three means completion, unity, joy. Many important events in the gospel occurred on the third day. Regular phrases that come with the number three: Play third fiddle-play a minor role, a gentleman of the three outs - a dubious person, a guy without money [33, 484]. For example, K. Dyusipbayeva and F. R. Akhmetzhanova, who studied the system of sacred numbers in Kazakh Antiquities, show that three, in principle, represent the three units of the world – upper, middle and lower – the past, present and future [33, 27].
The above meanings are reflected in the phrases that do not exist in the mind of three people.
The sacred meaning of the number three is reflected in the many traditions and rituals and concepts of the Kazakh people.
For example, there are superstitions that talented people spit three times in the mouth of children. For example, a shepherd who is passionate about singing the song" Manas", after spitting Manas three times in the mouth of a child, becomes a manasshi. The number three is sacred, it contains the power of life.
It should be noted that the esoteric (biblical) meaning of the number three and other numbers has long been forgotten in historical periods and has begun to acquire other ethno-cultural properties and character, but at the heart of other traditions and superstitions and bindings related to numbers, in our opinion, lies the original biblical meaning of these numbers.
Depending on the three, there are the following folk bundles::
Үш жүз:Ұлы жүз, Орта жүз, Кіші жүз. Үш тәтті: Жан, мал, жар. Үш қуат:Ақыл. Жүрек.Тіл. Үш жұрт: Өз жұртың – күншіл, Қайын жұртың – міншіл, Нағашы жұртың – сыншыл. Үш қасиет: Өліде – аруақ. Малда – кие. Аста– кепиет. Үш із: Бала. Байлық. Бақыт. Үш арсыз: Күлкі. Ұйқы. Тамақ. Үш тұл: Қайратсыз – ашу. Тұрлаусыз – ғашық. Шәкіртсіз – ғалым. Үш дауасыз: Тумақ – өлмек. Тағдыр. Кәрілік. Үш көз: Бұлақ – су анасы. Тұяқ – жол анасы. Құлақ – сөз анасы. Үш байлық: Бірінші байлық – денсаулық. Екінші байлық – ақ жаулық. үшінші байлық – он саулық. Үш қазына: Ер қазынасы – жүрген із. Ел қазынасы – көне көз. Тіл қазынасы – ескі сөз. Үш ақиқат: Шындық.Өтірік. Кәрілік. Үш қуаныш: Алғыс алу. Өзіңді көптің іздеуі. Ісіңнің өшпеуі. Үш биік: Билік.Дәулет. Даналық. Үш асыл: Көз. Тіл. Көңіл [11, 36-38].
B. Kanarbayeva explains the meaning of the word" triple rotation " as follows: its original origin, with the belief that the human soul revolves around three worlds (upper, middle, lower), began in the Saka Era with the rotation of the plague.
The number four in European-Christian digital symbolism is associated with the Earth. For example, the Earth has four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and autumn.There are four main directions: north, south, east, and West. Regular expressions associated with a person: four – letterman – sloth, afour – minuteman – eloquent [15,74].
It promotes harmony, balance, integrity, and stability in the Kazakh world. In the Kazakh language, there are phraseological units associated with the number four: shartarap, Tortkul, (Tortkultobe, Khantortkul, etc.),
Shar in shartarap is interpreted from the Persian language as "four", side – "direction", while tortkul is a Turkic word, which also means four corners, because one of the meanings of the word" ash "is" corner " [15,51].
If the number three is related to the vertical model of the world, the model (upper, middle, lower worlds), the number four is related to the horizontal model of the world.
"The horizontal model of the mythical universe is based on the contrast of the "center and Edge" (Center and periphery). The main indicators in this simulation are the middle (navel, center) and four sides (direction): "Right" – "Left", "Front - back", "north-south", "west-east". Therefore, the horizontal model is often divided into quadrilaterals (squares, squares, quadrilaterals) and circles or squares, and is classified as quadrilaterals" [12,145].
Five instruments. There is nothing he can't do, he is talented and versatile. Five shelters. a) In the sense of muddy, sloppy.) In the sense of heavy, heavy. He has six children and no grandchildren. In the sense that it has not passed, has nothing to do, has nothing to do.
National concepts formed in connection with the number "five"
The five best are the five most valuable and important types of property that are paid as a bride or groom. The "five best" are sometimes called "the best". These types of "good people" are different everywhere. In some places it includes a camel, a galloping horse, a thick carpet, a diamond sword, a sable, in another place a straight gun, a strong armor, a racehorse, a camel with a lot of livestock and an outer garment. Sometimes, when there was no such good name, instead of each good one, four cattle or other animals and products were named ...
Five weapons: 1. Bow.2. Spear. 3. The sword. 4. Aibalta. 5. Shokpar.
The Five Commandments: 1. Recognize the oneness of God and the prophetic nature of Muhammad. 2. Prayer. 3. Fasting. 4. Charity - giving alms. 5. Pilgrimage.
Five poor (sad) Five fingers
1. Sheep without tools. 1. Thumb.
2. Thoughts without knots. 2. Forefinger.
3. A country without a black healer. 3. Middle finger.
4. The waist is not full of cattle, the country is not full. 4. Anonymous finger.
5. A man whose work is not respected by the country. 5. Little finger [23, 45].
In European and Eastern culture, the symbolism of certain numbers and the meaning of the world have common typological features, as well as peculiarities.
At sixes and sevens – Быть в растерянности, быть неорганизованным, абыржу, сасып қалу, шашылып жату., After the captain of the team broke his leg, the other players were at sixes and sevens. Here the regular expression is used in the sense of stink [24, 341].
to have six feet under – умереть и быть похороненным, қайтыс болу, His uncle has been six feet under over ten years now. Оның ағасы он жыл бұрын қайтыс болған. To have six feet under the regular expression is used in the sense of death.
In Kazakh proverbs and idioms, riddles, the number six is ​​used in the sacred and non-sacred sense.
He has six teeth. Six-month trip. Six alash. Six lions. It took six mouths. Six white spears. More than six ridges.
In the worldview of the Kazakh people, the number seven has a special quality. Seven of our ancestors considered it a sacred number.
In the mythological system of many peoples, the number seven is considered sacred. “Seven is a sacred number, a symbol of divinity, describing the sun gods and the general idea of ​​the world. In ancient Greece, this number was recognized as the highest achievement and perfection. The number seven (among the numbers in the top ten) is considered a pure number because it has no part or product. This number was an attribute of pure Athens.
The number seven had a special meaning in Europeans and Slavs (seven dwarfs, seven giants, seven lambs - in European folklore) and was reflected in the phraseology and names "[19, 92]. The number seven represents universal (cosmic) laws and is therefore sacred in the data of many peoples.
In the worldview of the English people, the numbers seven and nine have a special feature. The numbers seven and nine were considered sacred by the English. For example: Women then were defended up to the nines (J. Galsworthy, Swan Song, part I, ch. VII). At that time, women did not spare their mothers. Literally: equipped with nine.
In Australia, the phrase dressed up like a sore finger is used instead of the phrase dressed up to the nines. The meaning of the two phrases dressed up - "beautiful, fashionable dress" - "divorced" and "bandaged" means "tied" [5, 438].
The number nine in English - nine muse "nine muse", ie in Latin novem sorores "nine sisters", the word ninety muse in the Roman sense, the word was believed by the ancient Greeks that the nine sisters were born in the city of Pierre and lived in heaven in Helicon. believed that. In the name of God, why should the En nine lives and that Benedictine was a sweet liqueur (Tickell).
Martin nodded more soberly. «I agree», he said. «But Charles is not unlike a cat, you know, and he seems to have any number of lives. I have known him take risks before, and get away with them. He was probably travelling like the devil, for some whim of his own, just before he crashed this time, and, as Annette has just said, he’s lucky to be alive» (Beaufort).
«It is a pig, sir; he is freathing.» «Oh!» said Soames. «If a cat had nine how many lives had a pig ?» «Where is he?» he said. «In the ditch, sir» (Galsworthy).
The countess whirled round with her usual vehemence of moment. «Got in Heaven» she cried. «It’s the little man! Ah! But he has the nine lives of a cat!» (Christie). Шет тілі әдебиетінде 27 саны киелі сан болып есептеледі, яғни өте ұзақ, көп жылдар бұрын деген мағынада кездеседі. Мысалы:«Well, I have been twenty seven years in force, but this realy takes the cake» (Conan Doyl, 122). «Мен жиырма жеті жыл полицияда қызмететемін, бірақ мұндайды көрген емеспін».
а) Possession is nine points of the law – Меншік – бұл заңның тоғыз бабында. Nine points of the law. Possession is eleven points of the law. Possession is nine-tenth of the law.
Тоғыз санымен келетін тұрақты тіркестер: A cat has nine lives – Мысықтың тоғыз жаны бар -у кошки девять жизней [20, 502]. A cat with nine lives; to have as many lives as a cat; to have more lives than a cat.немесе A cat has nine lives and a woman has nine cat’s lives .Әйелдің қырық жаны бар деген қазақтарда түсінік бар.
Nine. – «керемет болу» – «быть блестящим» means. For example: He loved too to watch the milkcarts come jangling into the street, filled with shining churns, having big brass taps sticking out through holes in the tailboard, all polished up to the nines... (O’Casey, I Knock at the Door, The Street Sings). – Джонсонымен қатар сүт арбасының дыбысын, сүтке арналған тобатайға қарауды ұнататын, әрбір тобатайдың астында бал краны, әр арбаның артында тесік болды, ал арбалар жылтырап тұрды.
To crack on up to the nines (амер.)– «превозноситького-тодонебес» [25, 495].
Мысалы: Personally, I know nothing about him, but the students all crack him up to the nines. Мен ештеңе билмеймін профессор туралы бірақ студенттер оны мақтан тұтады.
а) To be on cloud nine – өзін бақытты сезіну «быть на девятом облаке», very happy (Spears, 1991, 236): When I got my promotion, I was on cloud nine. When the check came, I was on cloud nine for days.
б) In seventh heaven – өте бақытты күйді кешу. Мысалы, Ann was really in seventh heaven when she got a car of her own. I’d be in seventh heaven if I had a million dollars.
In other words, "cloud nine" means to be happy, to feel great. The numbers seven and nine are considered sacred in Britain.
The following mythical concepts are found in English: Seven league boots – Aғылшын ертегілеріндегі огрлар киетін аяқ киім, ол аяқ киімді киген адамның бір адымының өзі үлкен қашықтық жасайды. Seven dwarfs – «Ақша қыз және жеті ергежейлі» in the fairy tale.
The main reason for the number seven in both Kazakh and English was the religious factor. This is because in both Islam and Christianity, the number seven is a sacred number. In both Islam and Christianity, there are a number of reasons why the number seven is sacred. In both religions, the sanctity of the seven is associated with God's creation of the world in seven days.
There are the following religions in English: The Seven Deadly Sins are avarice, envy, gluttony, lust, pride, sloth and wrath (ашкөздік, көре алмаушылық, ашқарақтық, құмарлық, тәкәппәрлық, еріншектік, ашу.). Sevenfold – very, too much, too much, or in reference to the seven numbers of the Holy Spirit.
“The only indicator of language imagery is phraseology. The national color of the phraseology is closely linked with the worldview of each nation. That is, phraseology is, on the one hand, a tool of linguistic art, and on the other hand, the nature of the art of thought. So let's look at the numerical phrases "seven" in regular expressions in Kazakh and English: Zheti ata - argy ata, ata-baba. (In the old Kazakh clan, ancestry and paternity play a key role. When a group of people reached the age of seven, they slaughtered a white camel and a gray-haired man, gathered a large gathering, and blessed each other to marry and marry. Atalash and kinship ceased to exist here and are now considered to be a separate tribe.
The following are some examples of regular expressions related to the seven numerators in English:At six and sevens (Алты мен жеті арасында) –Белгісіздік, көңілдегі мазасыздық, ой күңгірттегі. Our future will still be at sixes and sevens.– Біздің болашағымыз әліде күңгірт. To knock seven bells out of somebody (Біреуді жеті қоңырау мен ұру) –біреуді қатты ұру. To scare seven bells out (жеті қоңырауды қорқыту) — қорқыту. To throw a (or the) seven (жетіні лақтыру) – өлу. Seventy `leven (жетпіс он бір) – Өте көп және үлкен жауапкершілікті талап ететін жауапты іс жайлы айтқанда қолданады. He must keep track of seventy 'leven things at once – Ол бір уақытта көптеген жұмыстарды қарап үлгеруі тиіс
From the above two lists we can conclude that the semantics of the seven numerative regularities in Kazakh and English regular expressions are as follows: has the semantics that something is enough.
Examples in English:You should know a man seven years before you stir fire. It chances in an hour that happens not in seven years. Give me a child for the first seven years, and you may do what you like with him afterwards.
As a result of the search, you will see that the most common number as a universal number is seven. The universal level of this number is such that the Kazakh and English languages, which have very different cultures, are relatively equal.
In short, on the basis of consideration of numerical continuity of language and culture, we recognize the deep national worldview, clear national consciousness and wisdom - vision, aesthetic vision and moral values, centuries-old education. All this in a short and concise form in the language system, a kind of symbol as a cognitive structure is preserved in numerators.
There are the following links to the number seven in Kazakh:
Seven (saints): Mecca, Medina, Bukhara, Sham, Katym, Jerusalem, Quran
Seven universes: East, West, North, Negative, Sky (upper universe), Underground (lower universe), Earth (middle universe)
Seven grandparents: Child, Father, Grandfather, Grandfather, Grandfather, Grandfather, Only Grandfather
Seven layers of blue: Moon, Sun, Mercury. Sholpan, Red Star (Mars), Customer (Jupiter), Saturn
Seven layers of land: Abyss, Snake, Water, Double Fish, Black Stone, Blue Bull, Earth
Seven generations: Father, Child, Grandson, Grandson, Grandfather, Granddaughter, Granddaughter
Seven people: Urum, Crimea, China, Turan, Sham, Egypt, Shin-Mashin
Seven alphabets: Unopened alphabet, White blessing, Saying, Touching the shooter, Distance away, Reputation, White mood, intention
Seven treasures / first version /: Man, Beautiful wife, Knowledge, Riding horse, Kumai tazy, Eagle, Straight rifle
«Жеті» сөзі мақал-мәтелдерде кездеседі:
Жетіскен жеті шапан киеді. Жеті рет піш, Бір кес
Жеті атасын білмеген – жетесіз.
Жұт жеті ағайынды. Жеті жұрттың тілін біл,
Жұт жетеу, содырмен сегіз, Жеті түрлі білім ал [32,182]. Салақпен тоғыз, олақпен он.

The word "seven" is found in proverbs:


He wears seven cloaks.
Cook seven times, One slice
He didn't know his seven grandfathers - that's enough.
S. Kondybay explains the sacred meaning and significance of the word and number "Seven (seven)" as follows: "God created and mastered the universe in some six periods; it was the six appearances of the original light, the six creations, the six results, the six rays. Assuming that light is one, the "one + six" model has been replaced by the "seven" model over time; Traditions that use this model have used it in many schemes (links, concepts), feeling that the number "seven" is the most important, sacred symbol. Muslims describe the creation of God as "reach". That is, the navel is located at the point, the absolute, the base. The word "seven", which is a principle, is the name of God's creation, and the number "seven" has the same meaning "[9,183].
The fact that the basis of the number seven is the sacred symbol of light can be seen from the membership of the "seven alphabets" in togyz kumalak, which can show (express) the laws of God: "Seven alphabets". From the core of the Kumalak chain to the forehead and right wing is a unique, odd Kumalak limb. This is the rarest phenomenon in the discovery of kumalak. That is why there is a saying: "Seven alphabets do not fall to the ground, even if they fall to the ground, they do not fall to the ground." This is a kumalak garden, one out of thousands of people will get a degree. "Such a person is rarely born" [1, 14].
N. Baidabek's manuscript "The Book of the World" explains that eight (the eighth rule) is infinity time, size, quantity. The phrase "eight extremes" is used to mean the whole world, the four corners of the world - behind this meaning we can assume that the meaning is "infinity". The octagonal, one-syllable regular phrase refers to a versatile artist, a man (guy), and the word "versatile" seems to mean "very much (infinite).
Truth eight, Happiness twins. There are eight (infinite, innumerable) aspects of truth, that is, of the whole world.
According to S. Kondybay, the octagonal, one-sided ("eight + one") octagon can be considered the beginning of all knowledge. "Eight-sided ... The phrase itself seems to show some geometric shape. These are the eight symbols of the bundle. That is, the intersection of four lines at one point creates eight slopes (rays) radiating from one point. Here we see that the eight-beam consists of two elements - eight rays and one point (the ninth "ray") "[9, 382].
This geometric model (shape) seems to be the basis for the eight-pointed star. "If we listen to the proponents of the Early Tradition (Early Tradition), the eight-pointed star symbolizes eternity, ontological stability, the exit from the outer universe, and the immovable nature of the mountain universe. At the same time, according to the cultivators of this tradition, the eight-pointed star in a circle is considered to be the oldest calendar ”[9, 382-383].
In esoteric systems, it is known that the eight roots are reeds (eight of the first elements), and the eight-member nature of Sufism is symbolized by the eight corners called the Sufi word "huu" [18, 225]. In the English worldview, the number eight means the beginning.
Regular expressions with the number eight: Have one over the eight – жақсы көңіл күйде болу. Быть навеселе. Тура мағынада: «Иметь один над восемью», behind the eight – ball – в трудном или проигрышном положении. Өте қиын немесе ұтылу кезеңінде болу [5, 285].
«Сегіз қырлы, бір сырлы» from the geometric model we can see the image of the universe [9, 385].
Conclusion A person (guy) with "eight sides, one secret" turns out to be a person who recognizes (masters) the essence of this world (innumerable aspects) and the Truth (the ninth secret - the point).
The worldview of the nine Kazakhs and other peoples has a sacred meaning and many constant meanings and connections associated with that number.
Compared to the very productive and broad, symbolic sacred concepts of the numbers three, seven, and nine, there are few such concepts in the number eight. In the Western occult system, eight is a symbol of balance. "The geometric meaning of this number is the intermediate shape between the cube and the circle, which combines the stability, node and integrity of the first, that is, it is considered magical. There are 8 intermediate routes - south-east, south-west, etc. including as a mathematical symbol representing the four corners of the world. This number is especially revered in the Pythagoreans, who founded it as a whole philosophy - a symbol of death. The reign of the ancient Greek kings was limited to eight years "[9, 93].
"Nine" is an extended form of the triad, ie a triple triad. In mysticism, 3 is considered to be a common, trinity synthesis of body and soul, or the afterlife, earth and sky. A symbol of danger and great power in Russia (Aivazovsky's "Ninth Shaft"). This number is the beginning of a certain process, the basis for the transition to a new quality: 9 days of remembrance, "the cat has 9 lives", mythology tells about the 9 underground worlds, people and some animals (cows) bear 9 months, etc. "
"Nine" is the word from the proforma "night" - the intersection, junction, closure, intersection of eight lines. In this case, nine is a symbol of the first, the first, the last.
Nine - a symbol of perfection, completeness, completeness, completeness ("flag", "widow"); depletion, stagnation, cessation, inventory, depletion; The bottom of them is the "night" proforma. This shows that the word "nine" can appear only in the case of a geometric pattern consisting of twin lines intersecting at one point "[9, 390].
Nine "ninth principle" in Narbek Baidabek's "Book of the World" - it's time to put it all together.
"The number nine represents a certain integrity, integrity, the sum of the three units of the world - the upper, middle and lower, and in the notion of the people shows the completeness and narrative of everything. In our language, the regular expressions "nine standing and ninety years old", "nine charges, nine road junctions", "nine eyes on the porch", "nine women's convulsions came together", "nine-sided, ninety secrets", nine fullness, integrity can be assumed to be a symbol ”[12, 83].
In the research of folklorist S. Kondybay, man is considered as a small model of the universe, and his body and soul (heavenly and underground) are divided into nine, as if divided into nine. According to S. Kondybay, the "nine-story torgauyt" in the Kazakh epic is based on such statements: 2. nine-story universe; 3. Indicates "nine souls", "nine layers of the soul" [9, 402-403].
One of the most sacred names for the Kazakh people is forty.
A. Mashanov and Zh. Baizakov write: "Both the sanctity and sanctity of the number forty began when the child was forty weeks in the womb" [9, 155].
Researcher B. Kanarbayeva believes that "in our opinion, the magical properties of the number 40 were directly related to the birth of people." It is first of all reflected in the tradition of weaning a baby. For up to 40 days, the baby was immersed in a mixture of salt and soap. After 40 days, the baby's neck stiffened, milk nails and belly hair were removed. When the baby is weaned, 40 tablespoons of water are poured on the roof. A premature baby is cared for for 40 days. While all of these are superstitions that are directly related to the birth of a person, the superstitions and prohibitions associated with the death of a person are as follows.
As we have seen, the fact that the number 40 is one of the most powerful numbers is directly related to the birth of a new person. From this various superstitions arose [27, 185-186].
Cultural scholars Zh.K.Karakuzova, M.Sh.Khasanov believe that the sanctity of the number 40 is due to the influence of space: “It is the nature of the nine layers that surround the earth. Each of them affects the earth and the phenomena that take place on it. Their duration of action is forty days, which gives a total of 360 days a year "[10, 62].
"Forty is often the most extreme, the last limit, the boundary, the boundary of any dimension (time, space, action, etc.)", - said S. Kondybay revealed numerical (esoteric) meanings.
As you can see, the "forty" is a sacred dimension, a boundary, a border, an image of the universe, and so on. concepts. Such notions are ambiguously preserved in the regular expressions and names of the Kazakh language associated with 40, it is necessary to make a mythological reconstruction to reveal their sacred meaning, which is not immediately perceptible.
As a result of such a complex mythical-linguistic research, S. Kondybay reveals the inner sacred meaning of such phrases as "One of the forty - a walk", "Forty springs", "Gayyp eren-kyryk shilten", "Forty gates". In the Kazakh language, there are regular expressions and names associated with the "forty", which, although the appearance, ie the meaning seems clear, but the inner-sacred meaning is not revealed. Example: A house cannot be filled by forty men, but by one woman. Do not hold forty grandfathers, hold forty roots. The horns of ten cows glide in the field, and the horns of forty cows glide in the steppe. A good father feeds a bad child for forty years. A person who walks forty steps from home will be miserable. Forty days in July.
Forty changed. The woman had forty candles and the girl had forty. Tolerance of forty, intolerance of forty-one. Forty days of travel. Forty-seven - the cost of a girl, etc.
Guzykhan Akpanbek writes about the worldly (sacred) meaning of the numbers "forty" and "seven" in the phrase "Forty-seven - the value of a girl": The bride's cattle are only a tribute to the bride and her mother. Because forty-seven does not mean the number of animals, but 40 times seven, that is, forty weeks [40 x 7 = 280]: This baby is in the womb for 9 months, about 9 days.
Forty is a sacred number, one of the seven special numbers. The scene of the forty-seven is described as follows. There are seven heavens, and each heaven has forty angels, that is, forty different goodness and goodness.
For example, in English there is a concept related to the number forty:forty winks – көз шырымын алу – короткий дневной сон. Мысалы: I had forty winks before working night shift.
Thus, we see that the forty-seven are only a reflection of the circle of the world's mysteries, which seeks to explain the mysterious power that has a deep celestial meaning, rather than a vast number of animals and worldly possessions. Although it is conventionally called a bride or a bridegroom's animal, it is only a gift to the mother who raised the bride for 9 months and 9 days, gave birth to her and brought her up.
Turkic peoples have legends about seven lovers. They are: Layli and Majnun, Yusuf-Zylika, Farhad-Shyryn, Tahir-Zukhra, Arzu-Kambar, Ualik-Garra, Uaki and Gulshah. Like the seven lovers, he raised seven orphans. He said: "Orphans who have not been heard, orphans who have not been cut down, orphans who have no land, orphans who have no swans, orphans who have lost their leaders, orphans who have lost their homeland, old orphans who have no contemporaries." It is also said that "Jut is seven brothers". These include bloodshed, war, fire, plague, earthquake, drought, and famine.
The Kazakh people have a lot of names and proverbs associated with the seven. Kieli 7 named her child Zhetybay. Zhetybay was named after Kyrykbay, Elubay, Alpysbay, Zhetpisbay, Seksenbay, Toksanbay, Zhuzbay and Mynbay. In the world of numbers, other human names are rare.
Countless phrases such as "Seven lights" / seven planets /, seven tribes, seven layers of underground, seven days and seven nights, a child eats sticks from the ground until the age of seven, the god of seven cakes, the Seven Charters of Tauke Khan often occurs. Kaztugan Suinishuly's "Zhety zhurty" is popular today. They are the people of the bridegroom, the people of the umbilical cord, the people living in a foreign country (the second people), the people of unjust imprisonment, and the last people to suffer.
The people add 40 numbers to the sacred numbers. At the age of 40 days, the child is immersed in 40 tablespoons of water and weaned. It is forbidden for a girl from forty houses, it is customary to tie 7 or 9 different things to the edge of a scarf for a boyfriend, to give seven, forty, anniversaries of the deceased.
The ancient Tower of Babel was built on seven floors. Such towers are located on high hills in Rome. According to Chinese-Tibetan legend, the Buddha sat in the shade of a tree that bears seven kinds of fruit. The ancient Greeks also spoke of the seven wonders of the world and the seven geniuses.
Also, according to the first requirement of Islam, it is obligatory for Muslims over the age of seven to pray five times. The saukele of Kazakh girls who get married must consist of seven things.
Thus, in any language, numerals are used in a different sense than the numerical meaning. At the same time, the history of this phenomenon goes on. The names of sacred numbers have a special place in the vocabulary of the Kazakh and English languages.



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